Transnational Gangs Paper 1

Transnational Gangs Paper 1 - The Globalization of Gang...

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The Globalization of Gang Culture – America’s Plan Backfires Transnational Gangs Winter ‘08 Michael Yu 89376795
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Yu 1 Gang culture has become one of the most dangerous epidemics in American society today. With crimes ranging from robbery to drug trafficking to murder, they terrorize peaceful neighborhoods and leave fear and destruction in their wake. However, this American problem has spread to other parts of the world as well. Two of the most notorious gangs, Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) and the 18 th Street (M-18) gangs exist in more than “31 states and three countries” showing that street gangs have, in fact, gone global [Papachristos]. There are quite a few factors leading to gang globalization but the two most prominent and effective ones are deportation and media. When American gangsters are arrested and deported back to their home countries, they bring with them all that they know about gangs and spread that knowledge to another area of the world, inseminating gang culture throughout their new neighborhood. The media is a very effective way of spreading gang culture due to its increased influence on the world. A gangster from Los Angeles posting something on the internet could be viewed by thousands or even millions of others around the world, influencing many young minds thousands of miles away. These two factors spread the gang culture like wildfire, creating the global epidemic of street gangs that exist today. In order to understand why gangs have spread so quickly throughout the world, it’s important to look at why people join gangs in the first place. In essence, “[gangs] come into existence and flourish because the needs of the young people in a neighborhood or culture or family are not being met” and therefore they turn to a gang to fill those voids [Carlie]. Not every person joins a gang for the same reason, but most are looking to either find a sense of family and belonging or to make money. Not
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This note was uploaded on 05/29/2008 for the course SOC SCI 120 taught by Professor Valdez,a during the Spring '08 term at UC Irvine.

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Transnational Gangs Paper 1 - The Globalization of Gang...

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