2008+Final+review

2008+Final+review - Political Science 2 American National...

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Political Science 2 American National Government and Politics Winter 2008 FINAL REVIEW SHEET Remember, this is not a comprehensive list of all topics and questions that may appear on the exam. Rather, it is meant to guide you in beginning to think about some of the key terms and concepts we have covered over the course of the last ten weeks. Terms closed vs. open primaries SMSP system/PR system framing framing soft money vs. hard money-- agenda setting inherent executive power reapportionment vs. redistricting executive order constituency service bicameral system of government formal vs. informal powers (President) filibuster-- honeymoon period line-item veto-- original intent coattails reapportionment federalism constituency service majority-minority district block grant dual sovereignty when gerrymandering administrative discretion casework realignment-- majority-minority districts horse race political parties media Bias incumbency advantage log-rolling pork barrel politics priming presidential veto / veto pivot: bully pulpit-- delegate vs. trustee pork (know advantages/disadvantages) McColloch v. Maryland judicial Review -- retrospective vs. prospective*e voting laboratories of Democracy ticket splitting NIMBY problem bicameral polarization marble-cake federalism executive privilege fourth branch of government divided government-- critical election party machine new media minimal-effects thesis party identification Watergate priming Rally Around the Flag executive privilege War Powers Act party sorting pocket veto-- party identification New Deal -delegate v. trustee: voters want other people’s representatives to be trustees-legislators who use their own judgment to decide what is best for the country—but demand tha thtier own representatives serve as delgates: legislators who cater to the needs and views of their constituents
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back home regardless of what they personally beliee good public policy ought to be. Implication: members of Congress typically work as delgates to the federal government. This just shows the slight hypocrisy: voters think Congress is sluggish, ineffectual, and sometimes corrupt, But they judge their own representatives better than Congress. Shows how Congress has to balance this paradox and why it is the brunt of disparaging sentiment against Congress—even though it is the natinla governments MOST electorally sensitive instutiton!! --Veto: President can be overridden. 67 th senator is the veto pivot. At the point by which President can be overridden. Significance: the idea of just to get a bill through, it’s a majority. But if a President vetoes, it becomes about a supermajority. It’s harder to override. -Reapportionment: how house seats redivides pg 309; the allocation of house seats to the states after each dicennial census. (according to their populations) Redistricting: 310: drawing new boundaries of congressional districts, usually after the dicennial census. . They do this after. They must be of virtually equal
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2008+Final+review - Political Science 2 American National...

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