August 25 - Juvenile Justice System (Shell Slides)_JJ

August 25 - Juvenile Justice System (Shell Slides)_JJ -...

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Advanced principles—CCJ 3024 Day 2 (Week 1)— Juvenile justice system: structure and terms Dr. Jodi Lane Fall 2016 August 25 B&H Chapters 13
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The Juvenile Justice System is a _______Separate Entity_______ Once juveniles are arrested by police, they move to the __________Juvenile Justice System__________ Unless they are “waived” to ____adult_____ court, which can occur due to: ____Statutory Exclusion/Mandatory____ Waiver Based on specific charges and age _________Prosecutorial_________ Waiver Prosecutor decides whether to file in adult or juvenile court (used a lot in Florida) ________Judicial________ Waiver Judge weighs prosecutor’s arguments based on specific criteria set by Kent v. US (1966) and makes a decision
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The Juvenile Court Has Three Basic Sets of Clients ___________Juvenile Delinquents__________ Children under __18__ who break the law Has original jurisdiction Meaning, the authority to hear the case when it first comes to court __________Status Offenders____________ Offenses that are not criminal if someone’s an adult ___________Dependent Children__________ Children who are abused and neglected
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Examples of Status Offenders Revised Cengage slide
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Some juvenile courts also deal with other issues __Paternity__ Adoption Consent for _____abortions/marriage_____ Juvenile traffic offenses Commitment for _____mentally ill_____ or developmentally disabled youth
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Recognize that Children are ____”Different”____ First Juvenile Court was established in ____Illinois_______ in 1899 Before this, treated basically as adults, handled in adult criminal justice system Had ____________Houses of Refuge___________ (beginning in 1820s), for children who needed “appropriate morality” Court originally designed to: ensure children were not _______mistreated_______ monitor families and schools
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