Test 2 Day 1 - Advanced Principles—CCJ 3024 Day 7(Week...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Advanced Principles—CCJ 3024 Day 7 (Week 4)— Police: Role & Function Dr. Jodi Lane Fall 2016 Tuesday, September 13
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Police are the most visible component of the criminal justice system About 44 million people have at least one contact with police each year Police have many roles, only small part is “ crime fighting Spend a lot of time dealing with minor disturbances, service calls, and administrative duties (like paperwork) Contacts with public About ½ = traffic 30 % = take problem reports, requests for assistance Average is about 20 arrests/year/officer (just average) Varies a lot by where they are S&W, CH 5; Bohm & Haley
Image of page 2
Patrol Function—Public Visibility backbone ” of department Most time-consuming and resource -intensive part Typically about ½ of officers in department assigned to patrol Some big cities, about 65 of sworn personnel (NY, Houston, Chicago) S&W, CH 5; Bohm & Haley
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Major purposes of Patrol Deter crime by being visible Maintain public order (big part of what they do) Be able to respond quickly to crime or emergencies Identify and apprehend law violators Facilitate movement of traffic and people Aid people in distress Create a feeling of security in community S&W, pp. 96-97
Image of page 4
Different types of Patrol Preventive Patrol (Random Patrol) Drive streets without much “ direction ” from leaders, except be “systematically unsystematic” (unpredictable) This was most common until 70s, when Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment took place (1972) Bohm & Haley, p. 203)
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Kansas City (MO) Preventive Patrol Experiment (1972) 3 types of beats (districts) Control Used same level of patrol as usual Proactive Doubled or tripled the number of patrol officers Reactive No officers patrolling Only respond to calls for service Results showed no significant differences in crime rates after 1 year Type of patrol made no difference in crime rates Public didn’t even notice the change! Bohm & Haley, p. 203)
Image of page 6
The Kansas City Experiment Upset People But Made People Think Knee jerk reaction : how could you say police make no difference? What would have happened if told people no police were patrolling? Other districts sometimes drove through to get to calls (so maybe looked like a presence?) But, made _________________ reconsider approach Bohm & Haley, p. 204
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Proactive Policing or “ Aggressive Police ” is One Approach Aggressive law enforcement style Actively enforce minor regulations, like traffic and disorderly conduct Aggressively arrest and detain suspects May help reduce crime rates Maybe through Deterrence Faster response times More cars at each situation Some see as tradeoff in citizen rights/freedom “arresting the squeegee men” Inconvenience innocent people Also hard to get all police to do this S&W: Ch 5
Image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern