September 8 - Police History and Organization (Slide Shells)_JJ (2)

September 8 - Police History and Organization (Slide Shells)_JJ (2)

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Advanced Principles—CCJ 3024 Day 6 (Week 3)— Police: History and Organization Dr. Jodi Lane Fall 2016 September 8, Thursday (1 hour)
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Our police agencies were modeled after those in England Before 1066 BC, no english police force Had “pledge system”—neighbors watched out for each other “tithings” = 10 families that watched out for each other Agreed to follow law, keep peace, & bring law violators to justice “hundred” = 10 tithings (100 families) supervised by a constable Constable dealt with more serious issues Shires = similar to our counties Shire reeve = ensured order was kept Later called “sheriff” Often had to organize “posses” of citizens to chase off offenders S&W: Chapter 4; Bohm & Haley
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English history precursor to ours 13 th Century = watch system (1285) One man in each parish = constable or chief peacekeeper Constables could draft citizens as watchmen and require them to watch city at night Key factors: People were the police Organization of protection was local 1386 = Justice of the Peace created Help constable night watchmen, took on judicial functions Helped establish connection between police and judges S&W: Chapter 4; Bohm & Haley
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English Connections to Our Police 1748, Henry Fielding founds “bow street runners” Police to apprehend criminals and recover stolen property in London (first detective force) His methods influenced others 1829 Sir Robert Peel started the London Metropolitan Police (still in existence) Structured like military, known as “Bobbies” after creator 1 st modern professional police force S&W: Chapter 4; Bohm & Haley
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Law Enforcement in Colonial America Paralleled British Model Cities = watch system primary way to watch and apprehend criminals until 1800s Boston = night watchman (1634) People were police County Sheriff= most important law enforcement agent in rural and southern areas Keep peace—reacted to complaints, did not patrol Collect taxes Supervised elections (Consider—sheriff’s still responsible for more rural areas outside cities) Out on frontier, vigilantism was often only option S&W: Chapter 4; Bohm & Haley
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Slave patrols were earliest form of policing in South “first distinctly American police system” Created to enforce slave codes (1 st in South Carolina 1712) Protected slave holder’s property rights over human beings
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