Classical Greece - Classical Greece Greeks` victory over...

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Classical Greece Greeks’ victory over Persia in 480 BC – 479 BC won them another period of freedom and autonomy Used this time to carry political and cultural achievement to its height In Athens especially it produced a great sense of confidence and ambition Spartan withdrawl from active leadership against Persians left a vacuum that was filled by the Delian League, which soon turned into the Athenian Empire Delian League Unity of Greece showed signs of cracking even during the war with the Persians Within 2 years of Persian retreat, yielded to division of Greek world into 2 spheres of influence, dominated by Sparta and Athens Need of the Ionian Greeks to obtain and defend their freedom from Persia and desire of many Greeks to gain revenge and financial reparation for the Persian attack brought on the split Sparta had led the Greeks to victory, was natural for the Greeks to look to Sparta to continue the campaign against the Persians Sparta ill-suited to the task which required both a long-term commitment far from the Peloponnese and continuous naval action Athens had become leading naval power in Greece, and same motives that led Athens to support Ionian revolt prompted them to try and drive Persians from the Aegean and Hellespont (again, grain!!) In winter 478-477 BC, islanders and Greeks from Asia Minor and other Greek cities on Aegean met with Athenians on sacred island of Delos and swore oaths of allegiance As symbol that alliance was meant to be permanent they dropped lumps of iron in the sea; they could break the alliance when the iron rose to the surface Aims of this new Delian League (named for the island of Delos), were to free those Greeks who were under Persian rule, to protect all against a Persian return and to obtain compensation from the Persians by attacking their lands and taking booty An assembly in which each state, including Athens, had one vote and was supposed to determine league policy Athens clearly designated the leader From the beginning the league was remarkably successful Persians driven from Europe and Hellespont, Aegean cleared of pirates Some states forced into the league or were prevented from leaving: members approved coercion because it was necessary for the common safety In 467 BC a great victory at the Eurymedon river in Asia Minor routed the Persians and added several cities to the league Rise of Cimon
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Cimon, son of Miltiades the hero of Marathon, became leading Athenian soldier and statesman soon after the war with Persia Coalition of his enemies drove out Themistocles from power: ironically the author of the Greek victory over Persia was exiled and spent the rest of his days at the court of the Persian king (in 480 BC) Cimon dominated Athenian politics for almost 2 decades, pursued a policy of aggressive attacks on Persia and friendly relations with Sparta In domestic affairs, Cimon was conservative:
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This note was uploaded on 05/30/2008 for the course HUMN 220 taught by Professor Unknown during the Fall '07 term at University of Alberta.

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Classical Greece - Classical Greece Greeks` victory over...

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