Lecture notes Alexander

Lecture notes Alexander - Lecture notes Alexander the Great...

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Lecture notes: Alexander the Great Many sources for the life of Alexander the Great: Arrian; Diodorus Siculus; Quintus Curtius; Plutarch; Justin (Pompeius Trogus)—all were late Their accounts based on earlier sources by contemporaries of Alexander: 1. Callisthenes: nephew of Aristotle, accompanied expeditions as “official” historian 2. Nearchus: admiral of Alexander’s fleet from the Indus river to the Persian Gulf 3. Ptolemy: one of Alexander’s generals 4. Aristobulus: engineer/architect on Alexander’s expedition 5. Cleitarchus: not part of the expedition; wrote ‘romantic’, popular account of Alexander in the late 4 th c. BC Arrian used mainly Ptolemy and Aristobulus, and had himself considerable military experience; therefore, able to understand and relate in detail military aspects Alexander, in assuming his father’s throne faced a number of threats: 1. Hellenic confederacy states, Thracians, Illyrians: all saw in Philip’s death opportunity for shaking off the yoke of Macedonia 2. Rival claimant to the throne: Philip had an infant son by the neice of his general Attalus 3. Traveled south into Greece in late-summer 336 BC: Thessalians held pass, so Alexander carved out a new one around them; then Thessalians surrendered , so did all the other states as he went south 4. At Corinth, the confederates elected him general in his father’s place Meanwhile, Attalos, his neice and her son (Alex’s half-brother) he had murdered In 335 BC Alexander campaigns in Thrace and Illyria to secure Macedonia before moving into Asia Darius (new “Great King of Persia”) is sending overtures and subsidies to Greek cities to get them to rebel against Alex. Alex. was rumored to have died in Thrace, at least that’s what Darius and the Greeks heard, and the Thebans besieged Macedonian garrison on the Kadmea (citadel of Thebes) Alex moved on Thebes in Sept 335 BC and took city by storm: population massacred (not under orders of Alex) Convened the Hellenic confederacy to decide fate of Thebes: leveled the city, sold population into slavery This quelled any other Greek cities from dissenting Alex spent winter 335-334 BC making preps to go to Asia: original intent unclear—liberate cities of Asia Minor, or conquer all of Persia Crossed into Asia to meet Parmenio (whom Philip had sent to secure passage into Persia) 1. summary of forces: Alexander: 32,000 infantry, plus ~ 8,000 already in Asia (broken down into 8,000 Balkan troops, 12,000 Greeks); 5,100 cavalry (1,800 Macedonian; 1,800 Thessalian; 900 Thracian; 600 Greek) fleet of 182 ships Persian satraps in Asia Minor have: ~ 20,000 cavalry; 20,000 Greek mercenary infantry; ~ 400 ships 2. Alex’s fleet not large enough to take the Persian fleet so he had to disable it by concentrating first on the coast of Asia Minor by securing all the Persian naval bases An army as large as the Persian army, plus 36,000 ships’ crews has to be fed and paid and
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This note was uploaded on 05/30/2008 for the course HUMN 220 taught by Professor Unknown during the Fall '07 term at University of Alberta.

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Lecture notes Alexander - Lecture notes Alexander the Great...

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