Hamartia-Hamartia is a personal error in a protagonist\u2019s personality that brings about his tragic do - . tragicflaw

Hamartia-Hamartia is a personal error in a protagonist’s personality that brings about his tragic do

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Unformatted text preview: Hamartia­​Hamartia is a personal error in a ​protagonist​’s personality that brings about his tragic downfall in a ​tragedy​. This defect in a hero’s personality is also known as a “​tragic flaw​. Hubris​­ Which is excessive pride and ego in a hero’s character which ultimately brings his tragic downfall in a tragedy. In Greek tragedies, the “hubristic” actions of a hero, in a powerful position, causes his shame and humiliation. Peripeteia​­ Is a sudden change in a story which results in a negative reversal of circumstances. Peripeteia is also known as the turning point, the place in which the tragic ​protagonist​’s fortune changes from good to bad. This ​literary device​ is meant to surprise the audience, but is also meant to follow as a result of a ​character​’s previous actions or mistakes. Anagnorisis­ ​ ​is a moment in a plot or story, specifically a tragedy where the main character recognizes or identifies his/her true nature, or that of the other character's true identity, or discovers true nature of his situation, or that of the others, leading to the resolution of the story. Catharsis­ ​There are 2 elements that go hand and hand applied to catharsis. Pathos which is the audience having pity for the protagonist, and feeling justice or a sense of relief. It is a release of emotions. Types of irony The use of words to mean something different than what they Verbal Irony Situational Irony Dramatic Irony appear to mean. The difference between what is expected to happen and what actually happens. When the audience is more aware of what is happening than a character. Tragic Hero­​A Greek tragic hero is a character who makes a decision which makes them unpopular amongst others, exposing the character's fatal flaw. Examples Oedipus ­he has ​hubris that is his pride makes him blind to the truth. He refuses to listen to wise men like Tiresias, who predicts that Oedipus has killed his father, Laius. He is tragic because he struggles against the forces of his fate and pitiable due to his weakness, which arouses fear in the audience. Thus, he is an ideal example of the tragic hero for causing his own downfall, falling from his own estate and facing undeserved punishment. Romeo­ a man of high social standing, falls in ​love​ easily with the girl whose family holds animosity with his family. His tragic flaw is start believing on his fate immediately. Juliet acts like a dead person, and Romeo thinks her actually dead. Therefore, he kills himself. When she wakes up and sees him dead, she also kills herself. Thus, it is not only fate, but also his actions and choices, which bring his downfall and eventually cause death. Motif​­an object or idea that repeats itself throughout a literary work Examples from Oedipus Blind vs Sight, Dark vs Light, Ignorance vs Intelligence, Pollution vs Purity Archetype­ ​from the greek word archein which means original or old and typos which means pattern. It is a blueprint ​representing such universal patterns of human nature. Examples ​The Innocent​­also known as: Utopian, traditionalist, naive, mystic, saint, romantic, dreamer. The Hero​­The warrior, crusader, rescuer, superhero, the soldier, dragon slayer, the winner and the team player. The Explorer​­The seeker, iconoclast, wanderer, individualist, pilgrim. Obstinate­ ​Stubborn Greek drama/tragedy­​ is a form of theatre from Ancient Greece and Asia Minor. It was most significant in Athens in the 5th century BC. ​Greek theater served as an important tool by which cultural exchange could take place. Plays commonly referenced important, political, social, cultural and religious themes.​The Greek theatre history began with festivals honoring their gods.Athens was the main center for these theatrical traditions.Thespis is considered to be the first Greek "actor" and originator of tragedy.Theatre buildings were called a theatron. The theaters were large, open­air structures constructed on the slopes of hills. Tragedy comes from a Greek word meaning goat song, referring to the goat skin clothes worn by actors. Parts of Greek Theater ...
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