Defs - Ablism: prejudice and discrimination against...

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Ablism: prejudice and discrimination against disabled people (ch12) Age Cohort: category of people born within the same range of years (ch12) Ageism: discrimination and prejudice against elderly people (ch12) Age Roles: norms and expectations about the behavior of people from different age cohorts (ch12) Age stratification: social inequality between age cohorts (ch12) Absolute Poverty: deprivation of resources that is life threatening (10-23)(ch20) Affirmative Action: preferring disadvantaged minority applicants over majority applicants when other qualifications are equal (10-25)hiring women in place of men with equal qualifications (ch11) Anomie: Alienation that comes from uncertainty or social unrest (10-30) Theory by Robert Merton that Deviance and conformity depend on individual responses to culturally valued goals and socially approved means for attaining those goals (11-1) Antithesis: the contradiction contained in a thesis (9-25) Applied Communism: “From each according to her or his ability, to each according to her or his work ” (9-27) Asceticism: self-denial, minimal consumption of material goods gives glory to God (10- 11) Ascription: arbitrary placement in a social hierarchy, usually from birth (10-16) Attachment Theory: Close physical and emotion contact between infants and a primary caregiver are necessary for healthy development (9-25) Attraction: Behavior is idea that attraction is a positive function of proportion of positive reinforcements: The more a person rewards you, the more you will like that person (11-1) Attribution: fixing cause or blame (8-30) Authoritarian state: sharply restricts citizens’ control of the state (ch14) Authority: legitimate, institutionalized power (ch14) Autocracy: absolute power resides in the hands of a single person or party (ch14) Average-Middle Class: 19% of population. $40-60,000 a year (10-18)
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Behavioral structure: actual behavior of organization and its members (10-16) Behaviorism: Theoretical perspective from psychology that predicts behavior become more frequent when reinforced (rewarded) and less frequent when punished or not reinforced (11-1) Bio Psycho Social Model of Human Behavior: biological, psychological, and social factors all influence behavior (9-25) Bisexuality: people who prefer sexual relationships with others of both sexes (ch11) Bourgeois: “from the town” a person who has the cultural sensibilities of a shopkeeper (9-25) Bourgeoisie: class to which bourgeois belong (9-25) Breakdown Theory: Charles tilly said that movements emerge when traditional norm and patterns of social organization are disrupted (ch20) Brown Vs Board of Education of Topeka, 1954: Supreme court decision ending school segregation (10-23) Bureaucracy: allows centralization of coercive power (10-11) Capitalist: Marx “factory owners whose power comes from control of the means of production” (9-27)
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This note was uploaded on 05/31/2008 for the course SOCIOLOGY 001 taught by Professor Lovaglia during the Fall '07 term at University of Iowa.

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Defs - Ablism: prejudice and discrimination against...

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