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lecture 9-18 - individuals within a species o Some...

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Social experiments are most interesting when they show that individual behavior is caused by social factors. Philip Zimbardo’s Stanford County Prison Experiment showed that social factors determine whether normal people act brutally. Stanley Milgrim’s electric shock experiment showed that in an appropriate social setting, normal people will torture another person. Culture shock: personal disorientation that accompanies exposure to an unfamiliar way of life. Non-material culture: intangible creations of human society, ideas such as “all people are created equal” Material culture: tangible products of human society; cars or macintosh computers Natural Selection: o Individuals not well adapted to their environment will have fewer offspring than well adapted individuals o Offspring inherit many attributes of their parents though there is much variation on
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Unformatted text preview: individuals within a species o Some offspring inherit attributes that allow them to survive and produce more offspring of their own o Over a long time, a species evolves to contain more individuals with attributes that promote survival of offspring. The environment selects individuals better adapted to it. • Machiavellian: cunning, deceitful, manipulative • Symbol: anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by members of a culture • Language: system of sumbols that allows members of a society to communicate with one another • Sapir-Whorf hypothesis: people know the world only in terms of their language • Values: standards by which members of a culture distinguish the desirable form the undesirable...
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