lecture 9-4 - body that work to keep the structure working...

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August Comte named sociology. Comte: study society to understand it. Understand sociology to predict events. Predict events to control them Positivism: a real world exists and science can accurately describe it. Social Stratification: members of society are ranked in a hierarchy. Theories are explainations. Theoretical Paradigm or Theoretical Perspective: fundamental assumptions about society that guide sociological thinking and research. Structural-Function Paradigm: Assumes society is a complex system whose parts work together to promote stability. Thomas Hobbes: wrote Leviathan, society is like a giant animal. Functionalism: parts of society function to form a structure analogous to parts of the
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Unformatted text preview: body that work to keep the structure working smoothly. Social-Conflict Paradigm: Assumes that society is a complex system characterized by inequality and conflict that continuously generates social change. Karl Marx: Conflict between social classes molds society. W.E.B. Du Bois: combined activism with a scientific approach to studying sociology. Social Solidarity: Feeling belonging to a group and wanting to work to help the group succeed. Emile Durkheim said that groups become more than a collection of individuals but come to have a reality of their own. Naming your group builds Solidarity...
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