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American Government 1010Chapter 2 identification termsKatlynn BlantonM102736001.The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union- This was the preliminary document to the Constitution. The articles were adopted by the continental congress in 1777, until the Constitution was released in 1789. This is vital because the now free colonies had no form of government to rule.2.The Great Compromise- An agreement that said that the number of senators in each state within the United States is equal, no matter the population. This was also connected to thehouse of representatives. This is important because it ensured that both the big states withhigher population and the small states were equally represented in the house and the senate.3.Three – Fifths Compromise- The agreement proposed by the northern and southern statesto maintain equal representation when looking at the population. The compromise proposed that each slave would only count as 3/5 as a person. This was important to many large slave states their population was a majority slaves, and by not including them in the population, they wouldn’t get as much representation in congress.4.Bicameralism- A constitutional principle that divides the congress into the House of Representatives and the Senate. This is vital in maintaining the balance of power because it ensures that no one branch holds too much power. 5.Expressed Power- This limits the powers of the government to the agreed to in the Constitution. This is important because it protects the rights of the citizens of the United States by limiting those of the government.6.Necessary and proper clause- This allows the government to pass any law they see fit to carry out the enumerated powers. The enumerated powers were meant to strengthen the national government, so they have the right to make laws to support the powers.7.Judicial review- Although the government employs the Constitution, it is necessary for them to have someone with the power to deem whether the government is following it.