Sociology101

Sociology101 - Monday Patterns from introductions o 1st...

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Monday May 19, 2008 Patterns from introductions: o 1 st name, last name o Degree / year in school o Place of origin o Brief Some deviations: o Humor o Personal Info Body language: uncomfortable-ness, talk with hands, clapping, put heads down / up, laughing (during deviation from the norm), Norms : set of rules, expectations for behavior come from a culture. What we should or should not do or be. Norms are collectively based o Include positive and negative sanctions (social response to others’ behavior) Conformity : once we have a group and once we have a norm it very important for us to mark the deviations, we are always putting boundaries around the norm behavior. o Because we need predictability from others, human interaction is scary because its unpredictable, we create massive amounts of routines, patterns, etc that will tell us what is going to happen when we interact with others so we can know what to expect. o When people violate the norms, we get scared because it’s unexpected. Large groups Norms change but there will always be norms. Emile Durkheim Norms have the ability to manage conduct , create both conformity and deviance Boundaries (defines what order is and deviation from the norm) - foundation of social order among people o Corporations o Families o Concerts o Schools o Religious gatherings Due Tomorrow: read chapter 1 & 18 – 35 of chapter 2. Bring in an article relating to current material (ch 1 & 2) POP QUIZ: Pay special attention to: Sociological imagination Sociological view of suicide and kinds of suicide Individualistic vs. sociological explanations Milgram’s experiment What is a: norm, value, status, role?
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Patterns in social life o How many out of jobs? Why? How long does it last? Each of us only experiences our life from our view, hard to get out of self-centered view of the world. Our individual lives unfold in really highly patterned ways, depending on class standing, education, race, gender, and religion. Marriage – 9/10, most will have one child, most will get divorced after 7 years. Income – Ass. Deg: 1.5 – 1.75 mil o Bach. Deg: 2 – 2.3 mil o PhD: 2.8 mil o Prof (MBA, etc): 3.75 mil o Women earn 25% less, even with same level of education o Pay gap exists everywhere industrially, better than some, worse than others, o Has been decreasing enormously in the past 30 years Women have higher life expectancy Sociologists want: o Empirical (measurable through systematic study) fact about society o Causal analysis: How, Why, So What? We always make those decisions in a larger context (set of opportunities and constraints): culture, institutions, organizations, groups, money, power, property, values, norm. How interactions happen
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Sociology101 - Monday Patterns from introductions o 1st...

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