anthrocontinued

anthrocontinued - Chapter 10 : Early Homo Early Homo: Homo...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 10 : Early Homo Early Homo: Homo habilis Homo erectus Archaic Homo: Homo antecesor Homo heidlbergensis Homo neandertalensis Homo sapiens à AMH (anatomically modern humans) **The first members of the genus Homo appear 2.5 - 2.3 MYA in Africa. Contemporaneous with australopithecines. Olduvai gorge (1.9 MYA), Koobi Fora, Hadar Homo habilis “Handy man” - the tool maker Olduvai gorge, Koobi Fora, Hadar 1.9 MYA 670 cc Characteristics of H. habilis Australopithecine body size Larger cranial capacity Smaller molars Long arms Two sizes: big and little Homo erectus
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Expansion out of Africa East Africa Java China 1 st Homo erectus “Java Man” Trinil, Java Pithecanthropus erectus 1891 Cranium, femur History of Homo erectus finds Eugene Dubois, M.D. Dutch, early human enthusiast, went to East Indies. Endured great criticism. Hid fossils under floorboards of home. Homo erectus morphology Body size: in modern range Very sexually dimorphic Characteristics of Homo erectus Thick cranial bones Long, low cranial vault Large supraorbital torus (brow ridge) Large cranial capacity - 980 cc Sagittal keel (not a crest) Still some postorbital constriction Prognathism Shovel incisors
Background image of page 2
Homo erectus in China “Peking Man” - Sinanthropus erectus 1929 ** Sino = China First Peking Man found by Dr. Pei Wenzhong, 1929; described by Dr. Davidson Black, Dr. Franz Weidenreich Peking Man lost during WWII The site of Peking Man is Zhoukoudian, or Choukoudia, China Homo erectus in Africa 1.9 MYA- around 500 KYA “Nariokatome Boy” KNM WT 1500 1.6 MYA, ~11 years old 5’4” - 6’ as an adult Modern human body proportions Equatorial build 800 cc (900 as an adult) Homo erectus culture Fire: heat, light, protection, cooking Bifacial tools: hand axes, cleavers ** Homo erectus Acheulean tools common in Africa, Middle East, Europe, Western Asia No acheulean tools in China or SE Asia Movius Line (imaginary line on a map): first thought Asians didn’t use tools but later figured out they used bamboo Homo erectus in Europe?
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Ceprano, Italy 800-900 KYA: Homo erectus Atapuerca, Spain 800 KYA: Homo heidelbergensis , “antecessor” Dmanisi, Georgia: 1.8-1.7 MYA. Small skull, 600 cc. Primitive tools, pre-acheulean. Problematic: more like Homo habilis Homo florensis “The hobbit” 2004 Indonesian island Flores 35-14 KYA Flaked tools Small stature, ~ 3 feet Small brain, 380 cc Pathological? microencephalic Thought to be descended from Homo erectus Pre-Modern Homo, “Archaic” Archaic Homo - Middle Pleistocene (850 KYA - 30 KYA) Homo heidelbergensis Maver mandible Boxgrove tibia Kabwe Atapuerca, Spain Lived during ice age, so learned to survive it. HUGE animals Morphology of Archaic Homo Combination of primitive ( Homo erectus ) and more modern ( Homo sapiens) traits
Background image of page 4
Very robust post cranial skeleton Still very primitive facial skeleton, but large brain “Heidelberg Man” - just a mandible, 1907, 500 KYA, no chin, small (modern), molars, maver mandible “Boxgrove Man” - England, 500 KYA, just part of a tibia, very robust, bone not very
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 16

anthrocontinued - Chapter 10 : Early Homo Early Homo: Homo...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online