Japan and Italy

Japan and Italy - Japan and Italy The Consequence of...

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Japan and Italy: The Consequence of Electoral Systems 1. Both have democratic Parliamentary systems 2. Japan’s Constitution was dictated by the US while Italy’s was not 3. For a long time post-war their systems gave power to the same party 4. In Italy = Christian Democratic Party (DC) 5. In Japan = Liberal Democrat Party (LDP) 6. Happened because of the electoral system 7. Existing political system suffered huge political crises a. Involved in corruption b. Parties collapsed c. Electoral system blamed 8. Had different electoral systems a. Italy = Proportional Representation changed to SMD b. Japan = SNTV system almost changed to a Proportional Rep system Constitution of 1947 1. Drafted by General McArthur 2. Parliamentary with special features a. Although monarchy was retained its role is heavily limited i. Not head of state but symbol of the nation b. Official renunciation of the right to wage war 3. Upper House has considerable powers (lots of veto powers) 4. Has prefectures but it’s not real federalism 5. Only the lower house can bring the government down
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