Course Notes

Course Notes - PoliSci 101 What is Political Science •...

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Unformatted text preview: PoliSci 101 What is Political Science? • Who gets what, where, when, an dhow • Order, power, justice are the three subtopics of political science Order • Structures, rules, laws, norms (mainstream), procedures • Government, supranatural o Republics – nominal consent of the governed • Sovereignty • State – political (domestic issues); geo political (foreign issues) • Nation- culture, and/or ethnic (as opposed to state) • Nation-state o Multinational states o Stateless nations (Palestine, Kurds) Power • Power (v. authority) - - what’s the difference o Power can be seized o Authority cannot be seized, only claimed Influence without coercion? • Legitimate authority o The value people attach to rights (what does this mean?) • Power = coercion o “power flows from the barrel of a gun” – Mao Justice • Minority v. majoritarianism o Small group v. big group • Problem of collective v. individual rights o One person v. “all of us” • Individual rights o Inalienable rights (basic human rights) How many, how far should we go? • What is “right” or “good” Subtopics • Political theory • Comparative • American – public law • Public policy • International relations Methods and Concepts • Quantitative v. qualitative o Measure public opinion - - quantitative o intuitive facts on public opinion - - qualitative • traditional (descriptive) (describes what happens) v. behavioralist (predictive) (predicts what happens) • political economists (free economy is good) v. Marxists (economic) • electoral and/or rights-based o degree of representation (freedom house rankings) • structural, resource-based, institutional, path dependency o developing v. non-developed • national choice (act only for economic interest) v. culturist – more than that, have cultural ties Bird = order, power, justice Lawson = power, authority, legitimacy, equality, freedom, and order • path dependency – once your country makes a choice it is on that path Canada and Yugoslavia 1. Length and amount of history Longer in Yugoslavia 2. Tradition of authoritarianism 3. Ascendancy of regional or religious identity Significant minorities (French-Canadians) cause more tension 4. Dominant majority 5. Special status for minority Quebec has specific rights 6. Interference by other nation states 7. Colonization patterns (originally there or immigrant?) 8. How many past wars Buchanan • race/culture used as a tool for political gains • elites exploit racial/cultural divisions o Armenia, Yugoslavia, Rwanda, Darfur o Not “unstoppable age old hatreds” but political manipulation • Subtle but statistically significant NBA referee bias o Black slightly favor black, white favor white • A sub-conscious homophile effect?...
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Course Notes - PoliSci 101 What is Political Science •...

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