Transitions to Democracy - Causes and Reasons for Success

Transitions to Democracy - Causes and Reasons for Success -...

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Unformatted text preview: T ransitions to Democracy: Causes and Conditions for Success I. Causes Crisis of the Old Regime • The process from authoritarianism to democracy should be studied • A lot of features of a chess game: leaders have to plan which moves to make when - - don’t’ know what will happen when they give up government • Distinction between HOW and WHY transitions come about (WHY = what events, leaders) • When transitions are successful = Consolidation of Democracy • You don’t have transition at all unless there is a tragedy o Authoritarian break down usually the immediate cause Ideological Weakness of the Old Regime (Latin America) • O’Donnell – authority on bureaucratic authoritarianism • Authoritarianism breaks down because they have to justify themselves with national interest (usually military) • Rely on public acquiescence • Military has to take over because democracy was causing chaos • This acquiescence / limited legitimacy tended to by undermined by favor from foreign capital • Foreign capital breaks down the support for authoritar ianism Economic Crisis • South Europe – oil crisis (1970s) • South Africa – economic sanctions External Context European Union • Domestic and multinational business didn’t have interest in authoritarianism, wanted countries to join the EU • EU provides economic incentive through prospect of membership by becoming democratic • Hastened regimes’ downfall especially in South Europe External Defeat • In Europe, Greece, Portugal, and Argentina - - patter = o Get involved in foreign policies so much that when they are defeated they lose power • Argentina - - Falkland War o...
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Transitions to Democracy - Causes and Reasons for Success -...

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