estonian - Estonian 17000 words, Foreign languages...

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Estonian 17000 words, Foreign languages (English, Russian, German, French, Finnish, and others) influence the development of the Estonian language or are of especial importance to the Estonian state in international communication. Spoken by 1,100,000 people around the world. Dictionaries: Väike murdesõnastik I-II Fraseoloogiasõnaraamat Sünonüümisõnastik Antonüümisõnastik Esimene Eesti Slängi Sõnaraamat Hargla murraku konsonantism A. Saareste mõistelise sõnaraamatu indeks Õpime eesti keelt. Aastad 1940-41. Inglise-eesti sõnastik Õigekeelsussõnaraamat (1976) Eesti õigekeelsussõnaraam at ÕS 2006 Special Characters: Ä, ä, Õ, õ, Ö, ö, Š, š, Ü, ü, Ž, ž Eesti murded / Estonian Dialects Fonoteek Väike murdesõnastik Dialectological dictionary of Estonian Eesti kihelkondade murdesõnavaralisi suhteid Hargla murraku konsonantism A. Saareste mõistelise sõnaraamatu indeks Eesti murrete korpus (TÜ/EKI) From: http://www.eki.ee/index.html.en And: http://www.eki.ee/keelenoukogu/strat_en.pdf The origin of Estonian From: http://www.eki.ee/keel/et001.html Estonian belongs to the Finno-Ugric group of languages, that has its roots somewhere behind the Ural mountains. Today, there are several dozens small
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Finno-Ugric nations (all small) settled in North Europe, in the Volga and Ural region, and in Siberia and the Russian Far North. Finno-Ugric tribes reached the Baltic Rim in the mid-3rd millennium BC from the East and became mixed with the forerunners of the Baltic people who had previously migrated here. Estonians have thereafter lived on their land for 5,000 years, being one of the longest settled European peoples. Closest to Estonian are the Finnish languages: first of all Finnish (the separation of Estonian and Finnish into different languages began less than two thousand years from now and that is a relatively small amount of time in the history of a language), but also the languages of several tiny ethnic groups living in the St. Petersburg region such as Karelian, Vepsan, Ingerian, the practically extinct Livonian but the closest well-known relative language is by and far Finnish. Most Estonians, especially those who live in the northern part of the country can understand quite a bit of Finnish. People often guess that Estonian must be similar to Russian or at least to the languages of Estonia's two Baltic neighboring countries, Latvian and Lithuanian. This is not so. Contrarily to most of the languages spoken in Europe, the Finno- Ugric languages are not part of the Indo-European family of languages. Thus, Estonian is related neither to the Slavic languages such as Russian, Ukrainian, Czech, or Polish, nor to the Germanic languages such as German, Dutch, or Swedish, nor to the Baltic languages, Latvian and Lithuanian. Not mentioning the
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This note was uploaded on 05/31/2008 for the course ANT 102 taught by Professor Gray during the Winter '08 term at Cal Poly Pomona.

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estonian - Estonian 17000 words, Foreign languages...

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