intcinemastudy with essay - Transition to Sound The...

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Transition to Sound- The addition of sound to film made a lot of new things possible, such as dialogue in films and new genres like the musical. However, the new technology required to capture sound did place stylistic limitations on many shoots. Movement had to be limited because of microphone placement, and camera movements were limited because of the soundproof booths that they were placed in. Also, multi camera shooting became common for the purposes of continuity editing and matching up lip movement with words. The sound era put many actors and actresses out of work because they had crappy voices. Consequences of World War I for film production and distribution- - US was previously competing with Germany- bc US was not as affected by world war, they pulled ahead. Films began to develop more nationalist movements- every country’s film became different in an attempt to be unique- it was patriotic. WWI left Eastern Europe in shambles, while the Western economy skyrocketed. Popular Hollywood Genres in 1930’s- From 1930-1932 gangster films were extremely popular. The economy was falling and gangster flicks were a reflection of the illegal activity that was going on. During the Great Depression, 1932, escapist films were what came out of Hollywood. These were meant to serve as mindless entertainment, an escape from the sorrows caused by the Great Depression. These film had happy endings. Shirly Temple films were very popular, as well as other musicals. Also, fallen women pictures, in which female protagonists compromised their virtues for money, were popular. Gangster films continued to be made as well. The Hollywood Studio System- The Hollywood studio system was changed by the Great Depression as well as the introduction of sound. In 1930 Hollywood was an oligopoly with eight large companies dominating the industry, the big 5 and the little 3. The Olympics on film- Olympia was a piece of German Nazi propaganda shot by Leni Riefenstahl. It was a record of the 1936 Olympic games in Berlin, financed by the government and made o a vast scale. The point of the film was to show Germany as a cooperative member of the world community. It was also meant to show how many prizes were won by Aryan participants and thus demonstrate the inferiority of other races. Nationalist Socialist Ideology on film/ Fascist Aesthetics- Fascist films in the late 1930’s began to move toward nationalistic, propagandistic cinema. Films were made in the hope that they would inspire pride in Italian citizens. The two major genres were romantic melodrama and comedy. The Blue Light- A film that Riefenstahl both starred in and directed. Lubitsch Touch- Lubitsch’s films had an elusive quality that always set them apart. He was a master of sophisticated comedy. His dialogue was bold, suggestive, and full of innuendos.
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