Chapter 4 Mankiw Questions

# Chapter 4 Mankiw Questions - SOLUTIONS TO TEXT PROBLEMS...

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SOLUTIONS TO TEXT PROBLEMS – Chapter 4: Quick Quizzes The answers to the Quick Quizzes can also be found near the end of the textbook. 1. A market is a group of buyers (who determine demand) and a group of sellers (who determine supply) of a particular good or service. A competitive market is one in which there are many buyers and many sellers of an identical product so that each has a negligible impact on the market price. 2. Here is an example of a demand schedule for pizza: Price of Pizza Slice Number of Pizza Slices Demanded \$ 0.00 10 0.25 9 0.50 8 0.75 7 1.00 6 1.25 5 1.50 4 1.75 3 2.00 2 2.25 1 2.50 0 The demand curve is graphed in Figure 1. Figure 1 Examples of things that would shift the demand curve include changes in income, prices of related goods like soda or hot dogs, tastes, expectations about future income or prices, and the number of buyers. A change in the price of pizza would not shift this demand curve; it would only lead to a movement from one point to another along the same demand curve.

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3. Here is an example of a supply schedule for pizza: Price of Pizza Slice Number of Pizza Slices Supplied \$ 0.00 0 0.25 100 0.50 200 0.75 300 1.00 400 1.25 500 1.50 600 1.75 700 2.00 800 2.25 900 2.50 1000 The supply curve is graphed in Figure 2. Figure 2 Examples of things that would shift the supply curve include changes in prices of inputs like tomato sauce and cheese, changes in technology like more efficient pizza ovens or automatic dough makers, changes in expectations about the future price of pizza, or a change in the number of sellers. A change in the price of pizza would not shift this supply curve; it would only lead to a movement from one point to another along the same supply curve. 4. If the price of tomatoes rises, the supply curve for pizza shifts to the left because there has been an increase in the price of an input into pizza production, but there is no shift in demand. The shift to the left of the supply curve causes the equilibrium price to rise and the equilibrium quantity to decline, as Figure 3 shows. If the price of hamburgers falls, the demand curve for pizza shifts to the left because the lower price of hamburgers will lead consumers to buy more hamburgers and fewer pizzas, but there is no shift in supply. The shift to the left of the demand curve causes the equilibrium price to fall and the equilibrium quantity to decline, as Figure 4 shows.
Figure 3 Figure 4 Questions for Review 1. A competitive market is a market in which there are many buyers and many sellers of an identical product so that each has a negligible impact on the market price. Another type of market is a monopoly, in which there is only one seller. There are also other markets that fall between perfect competition and monopoly. 2.

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Chapter 4 Mankiw Questions - SOLUTIONS TO TEXT PROBLEMS...

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