GEOG 14O FINAL STUDY GUIDE - world island with a Eurasian...

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GEOG 140 – FINAL STUDY GUIDE FALL 07’ 1) George H. W. Bush & “New World Order” – Think about McKinder and Ratzel – a. Friedrich Ratzel (1844-1904) – Father of Modern Poly Geog; i. Organic State Theory – compared state with an organism 1. The state tied to the natural environment 2. States need Lebensraum (living space) and resources. Like organisms, states must grow or dies. 3. States live through stages of Birth, Adolescene, Maturity and Old Age. US = Adolesence 4. States grow by absorbing other small states 5. The skin of the state is the frontier and reflects the strength of the state and is not permanent 6. “Civilized” cultures tend towards large states; primitive ones have small b. Critiques: Environmentally deterministic – not just geography affects state; Biological Reductionism; influenced by Darwin; c. Halford Mackinder (1861 – 1947) – Geographical Pivot of History –
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Unformatted text preview: world island with a Eurasian core called “Pivot Area” or “Heartland”; area has tremendous resources and was sheltered from naval power – moved political eye of Britain to heartland d. Critiques – failed to give weight to growing power to North America and account for new technology like airpower e. IS THERE A THREAD THAT WENT THROUGH ALL ADMINISTRATIONS? 2) Geopolitical Observations of the Rhetoric and Practice of the First Gulf War 3) Clinton Administration & Multilateral Gradualism 4) “Containment” vs. “Enlargement” - 5) Samuel P. Huntington’s “The Clash of Civilizations” 6) “West versus the Rest” 7) “Project for a New American Century” 8) George W. Bush and the “War on Terror” – IMPLICATIONS OF RHETORIC; MORAL ABSOLUTISM – HOW THIS HAS CHANGED GEOPOLITICS 9)...
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