1-B_of_Hist

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Basics of History History is the study of the past. But can it be complete and true? Writing history means that selection and rejection of material will occur. Who gets a voice determines how we understand and relate to our past. Bias Bias is - a highly personal and unreasoned distortion of judgement. Every author carries with him or her influences, which make his or her work biased. These things include: c personal history c societal standards and pressures c education c power Beyond the author, every eyewitness or other source about an event the author might use carries the same biases. The author is, in one sense, adding biases to biases. So how can we know the truth? There are three types of bias. These are : c Unconscious bias - unaware of bias, often based on ignorance c Deliberate bias - aware of bias, used for manipulation and based on prejudice. (Propaganda) c Informed bias - aware of bias, makes it explicit in a statement, makes an effort to include all perspectives and be objective. This approach focuses on the use of reason.
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This note was uploaded on 05/24/2008 for the course HIST 245gm taught by Professor Banner during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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1-B_of_Hist - New Page 1 Page 1 of 3 Basics of History...

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