WORKSHEETS 1-3 anatomy lab manual

WORKSHEETS 1-3 anatomy lab manual - REVIEW SHEET Surface...

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Unformatted text preview: REVIEW SHEET Surface Anatomy 1. Match each of the following descriptions with a key equivalent, and record the key letter or term in front of the description. Key: 21. 13116031 c. cephalic e. patella: b. calcaneal d. digital f. scapular l. cheek —__ 4. anterior aspect of knee 2. pertaining to the fingers _ 5. heel of foot 3. shoulder blade region __*— 6_ pertaining to the head 2- Indicate the following body areas on the accompanying diagram by placing the correct key letter at the end of each line. Key: abdominal antecubital axillary brachial cervical crural femoral fibular gluteal inguinal lumbar Occipita] . oral popliteal pubic sural thoracic umbilical weueeaere‘eemeaao P'P’ 3. Classify each of the terms in the key of question 2 above into one of the large body regions indicated below. Insert the ap- propriate key letters on the answer blanks. l. appendicular 2. axial Review Sheet Body Orientation, Direction, Planes, and Sections 4. 5. 6. Describe completely the standard human anatomical position. Define section. Several incomplete statements are listed below. Correctly complete each statement by choosing the appropriate anatomical term from the key. Record the key letters andi'or terms on the correspondingly numbered blanks below. Key: a. anterior d. inferior g. posterior j. superior b. distal e. lateral h. proximal k. transverse c. frontal f. media] i. sagitta] in the anatomical position, the face and palms are on the l the 2 body surface; and the top of the head is the most 3 shoulders and 6 to the nose. The heart is 7 to the vertebral column (spine) and 8 to the lungs. The elbow is 9 to the fingers but 10 to the shoulder. The abdominopelvic cavity is l l to the thoracic cavity and 12 to the spinal cavity. In humans, the dorsal surface can also be called the 13 surface; however, in quadruped animals, the dorsal surface is the 14 surface. If an incision cuts the heart into right and left parts, the section is a 15 section; but if the heart is cut so that su— perior and inferior portions result. the section is a 16 section. You are told to cut a dissection animal along two planes so that the kidneys are observable in both sections. The two sections that will always meet this requirement are the 17 body surface; the buttocks and shoulder blades are on part of the body. The ears are 4 and 5 to the and 1—8 sections. A section that demonstrates the continuity between the spinal and cranial cavities is a A section. 1. 8. l4. 2. 9. 15. 3. 10. 16. 4. —— ll. __ 17. 5. [2. 18. 6. —— 13. 19. ’i. Correctly identify each of the body planes by inserting the appropriate term for each on the answer line below the drawing. (a) (b) Review Sheet 11 12 8- Draw a kidney as it appears when sectioned in each of the three different planes. Transverse Sagittal Frontal section section section 9. Correctly identify each of the nine areas of the abdominal surface by inserting the appropriate term for each of the letters indicated in the drawing. f. (b) h. ' {9) (11) Body Cavities 10. Which body cavity would have to be opened for the following types of surgery or procedures? (Insert letter of key choice in same—numbered blank. More than one choice may apply.) Key: 3. abdominopelvic c. dorsal e. thoracic b. cranial d. spinal f. ventral l. surgery to removeacancerous lung lobe 4. appendectomy 2. removal of the uterus, or womb 5. ' stomach ulcer operation 3. removal of a brain tumor 6. delivery of pre—operative “saddle” anesthesia 11. Name the muscle that subdivides the ventral body cavity. Review Sheet 12. Which organ system would not be represented in any of the body cavities? 13. What are the bony landmarks of the abdominopelvic cavity? 14. Which body cavity affords the least protection to its internal structures? 15. What is the function of the serous membranes of the body? 16. A nurse informs you that she is about to take blood from the antecubital region. What portion of your body should you pre— sent [0 her? 17. The mouth, or oral cavity, and its extension, which stretches through the body to the anus. is not listed as an internal body cavity. Why is this so? 18. Using the key choices, identify the small body cavities described below. Key: a. middle ear cavity c. oral cavity e. synovial cavity {3. nasal cavity (1. orbital cavity 1. holds the eyes in an anterior—facing position 2. contains the tongue 3. lines a joint cavity 4. houses three tiny bones involved in hearing 5. contained within the nose 19. On the incomplete flow chart provided below: 0 Fill in the cavity names as appropriate to each box. 0 Then, using either the box numbers or the name of the cavity, identify the descriptions on the following page. (Some may require more than one choice.) Body cavities 1 body cavity 4 body cavity cavity cavfly Review Sheet 14 contained within the skull and vertebral column contains female reproductive organs the most protective body cavity its name means bell)r contains the heart contains the small intestine bounded by the ribs its walls are muscular Review Sheet REVIEW SHEET NAME LAB TIME/DATE The Axial Skeleton The Skull 1. The skull is one of the major components of the axial skeleton. Name the other two. and What structures do each of these component areas protect? 2. Define suture .' 3. With one exception, the skull bones are joined by sutures. Name the exception. 4. What are the four major sutures of the skull, and what bones do they connect? 5. Name the eight bones composing the cranium. 6. Give two possible functions of the sinuses. 7. What is the orbit“? 8. Why can the sphenoid bone he called the keystone of the cranial floor? 26 Review Sheet 9. Match the bone names in column B with the descriptions in column A. Column A l. 2. 10. ll. 12. 13. 14. 15. 17. 18. 19. 20. 2]. bone forming anterior cranium cheekbone . upper jaw bony skeleton of nose . posterior roof of mouth hone pair united by the sagittal suture _ site of jugular foramen and carotid canal . contains a “saddle” that houses the pituitary gland allows tear ducts to pass forms most of hard palate superior and medial nasal conchae are part of this bone site of external auditory meatus has greater and lesser wings its “holey” plate allows olfactory fibers to pass facial bone that contains a sinus , and eomaining paranasal sinuses its oval—shaped protrusions articulate with the atlas spinal cord passes through a large opening in this bone not really a skull bone forms the chin inferior part of nasal septum 22. contain alveoli bearing teeth Column B ethmoid frontal hyoid lacrimal mandible maxilla nasal occipital palatine parietal sphenoid temporal vomer zygomatic 16. three cranial bones Review Sheet 10. Using choices from column B in question 9 and from the key to the right, identify all bones and bone markings provided with leader lines in the diagram below. , ‘ _.. 5"”; H; I I . ‘- The Vertebral Column 11. Using the key terms, correctly identify the vertebral areas in the diagram. Key: body lamina pedicle spinous process superior anicular process transverse process vertebral arch vertebral foramen alveolar margin coronal suture foramen magnum greater wing of sphenoid inferior nasal concha middle nasal concha of ethmoid Sagitta] suture squamous suture 27 28 Review Sheet 12. The distinguishing characteristics of the vertebrae composing the vertebral column are noted below. Correctly identify each described structure or region by choosing a response from the key. Key: atlas eoccyx sacrum axis lumbar vertebra thoracic vertebra cervical vertebra—typical l. vertebral type with a forked spinous process 2. pivots on C2; lacks a body 3. bear facets for articulation with ribs; form part of bony thoracic cage 4. forms ajoint with the hip bone 5. vertebra with blocklike body and short stout spinous process 6. “tail bone" 7. articulates with the occipital condyles 8. five components; unfused 9. twelve components; unfused 10. five components; fused 13. Identify as specifically as possible each of the vertebrae types shown in the diagrams below. Also identify and label the fol— IOwing markings on each: transverse processes, spinous process, body, superior articular processes, as well as the areas pro- vided with leaders. 14. What kind oftissue makes up the intervertebral discs? [5. What is a herniated disc? What problems might it cause? Review Sheet 16. On this illustration of an articulated vertebral column, identify each structure provided with a leader line by using the key YBITIIS. Key: atlas axis a disc two thoracic vertebrae two lumbar vertebrae sacrum The Bony Thorax 17. The major components of the thorax (excluding the vertebral column) are the and the 18. What is the general shape of the thoracic cage? 29 30 Review Sheet 19. Using the terms at the right, identify the regions and landmarks of the bony thorax. L1 vertebra P‘qa wee-.0571» body costal cartilage false ribs floating ribs manubriurn sternum true n'bs xiphoid process REVIEW SHEET NAME LAB TIME/DATE The Appendicular Skeleton Bones of the Pectoral Girdle and Upper Limb 1. Match the bone names or markings in the key with the leader lines in the figure. The bones are numbered 1—8. Key: aerom ion capitulum carpals clavicle coracoid process coronoid fossa coronoid process dcltoid tuberosiry greater tubercle humerus lateral epicondyle medial epicondyle metacarpals phalanges radial tuberosity radius scapula slyloid process lrochlea ulna 42 Review Sheet 2. Why is the clavicle at risk to fracture when a person falls on his or her shoulder? _ 3. Why is there generally no problem in the arm clearing the widest dimension of the thoracic cage“? 4. What is the total number of phalanges in the hand? 5. What is the total number of carpals in the wrist? Bones of the Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limb 6. Compare the pectoral and pelvic girdles in terms of flexibility (range of motion) allowed, security, and ability to bear weight. Flexibility: Security: Wei ghtebearing ability: 7. What organs are protected? at least in part? by the pelvic girdle":I 8. Distinguish between the true pelvis and the false pelvis. —.__— 9. Use terms from the lie),r to identify the bone markings on this illustration of an 0s coxa. Key: acetabulum anterior superior iliac spine greater sciatic notch iliac crest ilium ischial spine ischial tuberosity ischium obturator foramen pubis 43 Review Sheet 10. The pelvic bones of a four—legged animal such as the cat or pig are much less massive than those of the human. Make an educated guess as to why this is so. II. A person instinctively curls over the abdominal area in times of danger. Why? 12. What docsfm'len arches mean? 13. Match the terms in the key with the appropriate leader lines on the diagram of the femur. Also decide if this bone is a right Or left bone. Key: gluteal tuberosity greater trochanter head of femur intercondylar fossa intertrochanteric crest. lateral condyle lateral epicondyle lesser trochanter medial condyle medial epicondyle neck of femur The femur shown is the member of the two femurs. 44 Review Sheet ./ 14- Match the bone names and markings in the key with the leader lines in the figure. The bones are numbered 1—11. Key: acetabulum (rim) calcaneus femur fibula greater trochanter ilium ischium lateral cundyle lateral malleolus lesser trochanter medial condyle media] malleolus metatarsals neck patella phalanges pubic symphysis pubis sacroiliac joint talus tarsals tibia tibial tuberosity ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/24/2008 for the course BIOL 252 taught by Professor Johnson during the Summer '07 term at UNC.

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WORKSHEETS 1-3 anatomy lab manual - REVIEW SHEET Surface...

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