L2 HistoryofMicro

L2 HistoryofMicro - A History of Microbiology Topics A...

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1 A History of Microbiology A Brief History of Microbiology • The Unseen World •1 7 th and 18 th Century Microbiology • The Golden Age of Microbiology ( ca . 1860-1910) – Pasteur: Spontaneous Generation Vaccination – Koch: Pure cultures and Koch’s Postulates – Winogradsky: Bacteria and Inorganic Processes • Some Other VIMs (Very Important Microbiologists)
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2 The Important (Exam) Stuff • Describe the innate understanding of microbiology that existed before microbes were “seen”. • Explain the contibutions made by Hooke, Van Leeuwenhoek and Jenner. • Explain how Pasteur’s swan-necked flask experiment worked and why it proved the germ theory. • Describe Koch’s postulates and explain how they changed the practice of medicine. • Describe the contributions of Winogradsky, Lister and Mullis. Ancient Microbiology: 10,000 BC to the 14 th Century • Yogurt was made in Neolithic times (~10,000 BC) • Early Egyptians made beer, wine and bread • Mosaic Law bans eating pork and seafood • Marcus Terentius Varro (116 BC – 27 BC), “…small tiny animals, which cannot be seen with the naked eye, grow in moist places, these are carried with the air through the nose and mouth into the body and bring severe illness.” • Black Death (1347-1352 AD) killed 25% of Europe (about 25 million people worldwide)
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L2 HistoryofMicro - A History of Microbiology Topics A...

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