L4 BioMolecules

L4 BioMolecules - Biological Macromolecules Topics...

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1 Biological Macromolecules Topics Biological Macromolecules • Sugars, polysaccharides and glycosidic bonds • Fatty acids, lipids and ester bonds • Amino acids, proteins and peptide bonds • Nucleotides, nucleic acids and phosphodiester bonds • Hydrogen bonds (and others) in action • Bacterial cell composition
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2 The Important (Exam) Stuff • Describe the different types of covalent bonds that link monomers together to form biomolecules. • Explain the levels of structure found in macromolecules (for example: 1 o , 2 o , 3 o o structure of proteins). • Describe the role that weak bonds, such as hydrogen bonds, have in maintaining the structure of biomolecules. • Explain a bacterial cell in terms of its biomolecule composition. Monomers and Polymers monomers & subunits macromolecular assemblies polymeric macromolecules covalent bonds sugars, amino acids, nucleotides e.g . proteins, RNA e.g ribosomes noncovalent bonds
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3 Dehydration and Hydrolysis Monomers Dimer Monomers
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L4 BioMolecules - Biological Macromolecules Topics...

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