OpenStaxOpenStax is a non-profit organization committed to improving student access to quality learning materials. Our free textbooks aredeveloped and peer-reviewed by educators to ensure they are readable, accurate, and meet the scope and sequence requirements ofmodern college courses. Through our partnerships with companies and foundations committed to reducing costs for students,OpenStax is working to improve access to higher education for all.OpenStax CNXThe technology platform supporting OpenStax is OpenStax CNX (), one of the world’s first and largest open-educationprojects. OpenStax CNX provides students with free online and low-cost print editions of the OpenStax library and provides instructorswith tools to customize the content so that they can have the perfect book for their course.Rice UniversityOpenStax and OpenStax CNX are initiatives of Rice University. As a leading researchuniversity with a distinctive commitment to undergraduate education, Rice University aspiresto path-breaking research, unsurpassed teaching, and contributions to the betterment of ourworld. It seeks to fulfill this mission by cultivating a diverse community of learning anddiscovery that produces leaders across the spectrum of human endeavor.