ECON 455 Lecture 8 labor markets and migration

ECON 455 Lecture 8 labor markets and migration - Econ 455...

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1 1 Econ 455: Chinese Economics Lecture 8: February 5 labor markets and migration Sandra Poncet Lorch Hall, room 207 Email: [email protected] Office Hours: Mondays 16:30-18 & Wednesdays 10:30-12 2 Introduction Over the past two decades, labor mobility across sectors, regions and type of ownership has increased substantially. Under the command economy there were no labor markets to allocate labor: emergence under the reforms that unleashed the migration flows however for a long time: restrictions remained. There are huge incentives for rural workers to move to the cities (pull and push factors) but also great allocation efficiency gains for the country. However, a host of unfinished tasks remain for labor market development in rural and urban China. The remaining hukou system continues to constraint labor market integration and the realization of associated welfare gains .
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2 3 Lecture Outline Introduction I-The institutional transformation of Chinese labor A-Changes in the distribution of jobs: ownership and labor mobility B-Unemployment and state sector downsizing C-Informal sector II-Functioning of the labor market A-Returns to Education B-Variation in marginal product of Labor C-Discrimination and fragmentation III-Migration A-Economics of migration B-Determinants of migration C-Description of China’s Floating Population how many go? where? who? why? IV-Consequences and issues 4 I-The institutional transformation of Chinese labor A-Changes in the distribution of jobs: ownership and labor mobility Source: Park (2005)
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3 5 Source: Park (2005) I-The institutional transformation of Chinese labor A-Changes in the distribution of jobs: ownership and labor mobility 6 Source: Naughton (2006)
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