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11Econ 455: Chinese EconomicsLecture 8: February 5labor markets and migrationSandra PoncetLorch Hall, room 207 Email: [email protected]Office Hours:Mondays 16:30-18 & Wednesdays 10:30-122IntroductionOver the past two decades, labor mobility across sectors, regions and type of ownership has increased substantially.Under the command economy there were no labor marketsto allocate labor: emergence under the reforms that unleashed the migration flows however for a long time: restrictions remained.There are huge incentives for rural workersto move to the cities (pull and push factors) but also great allocation efficiency gains for the country.However, a host of unfinished tasks remain for labor market development in rural and urban China. The remaininghukousystem continues to constraint labor market integrationand the realization of associated welfare gains.
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23Lecture OutlineIntroductionI-The institutional transformation of Chinese laborA-Changes in the distribution of jobs: ownership and labor mobilityB-Unemployment and state sector downsizingC-Informal sectorII-Functioning of the labor marketA-Returns to EducationB-Variation in marginal product of LaborC-Discrimination and fragmentation III-MigrationA-Economics of migrationB-Determinants of migrationC-Description of China’s Floating Populationhow many go?where?who?why?IV-Consequences and issues4I-The institutional transformation of Chinese laborA-Changes in the distribution of jobs: ownership and labor mobilitySource: Park (2005)