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Unformatted text preview: GEOGRAPHY 5 SPRING 2008 MIDTERM 1 1. Every map projection has some degree of distortion because A. B. C. D. 2. Which of the following statements about latitude is NOT true? A. B. C. D. 3. A contour is an isoline showing A. B. C. D. 4. Which of the following is NOT true about the globe grid? A. B. C. D. All meridians are onehalf the length of the equator. Meridians and parallels intersect at right angles. Parallels increase in length as one nears the poles. The scale on the surface of the globe is the same in every direction. points of equal elevation. points equidistant from a known, central location. average value of an item studied per unit area of its occurrence. the degree of small area distortion on thematic maps. Latitude is a measure of distance north and south of the equator. Latitude lines are always parallel to each other. Latitude is always written as some number between 0 degrees and 180 degrees. On a globe, lines of latitude intersect meridians of longitude at right angles. a curved surface cannot be represented on a flat surface without distortion. parallels and meridians never cross at right angles on a globe. the grid of latitude and longitude cannot be accurately measured. a sphere is a developable surface. 5. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of regions? A. B. C. D. 6. Density and dispersion are independent statements about the location of things within a defined area. They are different in that A. B. density is the number of items in the area and dispersion describes their proximity. dispersion reports the mobility or changeability of items in an area and density reports their degree of permanence. density is a perceived relationship of things in space and dispersion is the mathematical relationship of spatial data. dispersion is a spatial statement valid for functional regions and density has meaning only for formal regions. hierarchical arrangement spatial extent historical sequence defined boundaries C. D. 7. Regions are natural entities that exist independently of human perception. A. True B. False 8. A map scale is the ratio between distance on the map and distance on the ground. A. True B.False 9. To be useful, a defined region must be based upon all the physical and cultural features within its boundaries. A.True B.False 10. A thematic map displays a single category of data or a specific spatial distribution. A.True B.False 11. A model is a simplified abstraction of reality. A.True B.False 12. Globalization refers only to the spread of economic systems around the world. A. True B. False 13. Since geography deals with existing physical and cultural landscapes and regions, it deliberately avoids consideration of past conditions. A.True B. False 14. One goal of geography is to define and analyze regions. A.True B.False 15. The one way in which culture is NOT transmitted to younger generations is by A. imitation. B. C. D. genetic mutation. instruction. example. 16. The smallest distinctive item of culture is called a culture A. B. C. D. 17. The underlying assumption of environmental determinism is that A. B. C. D. 18. The cultural landscape A. B. C. D. 19. The elements of the ideological subsystem of a culture A. B. are the concrete material evidence of the ideas and concepts of a society. are the intangible items giving distinctive content and character to a culture. summarizes the nonmaterial aspects of a society. is equivalent to a culture realm or a singletrait social region. represents the areal extent of a hearth region. is the earth's surface as modified by human action. the physical environment alone shapes human actions and cultures. humans by their actions and technologies alter the environment to suit their needs. determining environmental limitations on cultures is a primary task of geography. determined environmentalists can influence cultural change. norm. complex. trait. phoneme. C. D. summarize the formal organizational structure of a culture. define the mental and educational capabilities of a culture. 20. Cultural diversity between societies of different ancient culture hearths was a reflection of A. B. C. D. racial differences. differing levels of urbanization. differing intellectual capacities for cultural development. differing tools and behaviors developed for dealing with perceived possibilities of the physical environment. 21. An assemblage of interrelated culture traits comprises a culture A. B. C. D. 22. When one culture group undergoes major change by adopting the characteristics of another, dominant group, it has experienced A. B. C. D. 23. Which of the following is the most important medium for transmitting culture? A. B. language imitation asymmetrical culturation. cultural bias. acculturation. neoculturalism. realm. complex. region. landscape. C. D. legislation elementary school 24. When different, unconnected culture hearths display comparable characteristics and forms of development, they are said to display A. B. C. D. 25. Cultural convergence implies that A. B. C. D. 26. Which of the following statements about culture is NOT true? A. B. C. D. 27. The development of a new form of cultural trait by the fusion of two or more different parent elements is called A. B. symbiosis. synergism. Culture is the learned way of life of a social group. Culture conditions and shapes human perceptions of the environment. Culture is genetically tied and transmitted as a racial characteristic. Culture varies over time and space. distinctive cultures will disappear. world populations increasingly share a common technology. all cultures can be traced back to a common ancestor group. world trade reduces the importance of national borders. identical creativity. unilateral similarity. interconnected uniformity. multilinear evolution. C. D. symbolic progression. syncretism. 28. An example of relocation diffusion is offered by A. B. C. D. 29. When a social group is unresponsive to a useful innovation, it is said to display A. B. C. D. 30. The gravity model states that A. B. C. D. 31. Distance decay implies that A. B. C. long distances erode the spacetime prism. short distances constrict the spacetime prism. shortdistance contacts are more likely than longdistance contacts. spatial interaction is directly proportional to distance. population cannot be used as a measure of mass. spatial interaction is inversely proportional to distance. spatial interaction is proximate to territoriality. contradiction. dissonant resistance. social retardation. cultural lag. religion spread by colonists or conquerors. foreign language courses in schools and colleges. shortwave educational and informational radio broadcasts. adoption of new ideas encountered in major cities and crossroads of trade. D. longdistance contacts are independent of transferability. 32. An individual's zone of daily movement is known as that person's A. B. C. D. 33. In activitybased approaches each activity is: A. B. C. D. 34. In time geography constraints are classified into: A. B. C. D. 35. Pidgin and creole languages are distinguished from each other by the fact that a pidgin A. B. may be based on any European language; a creole is always a French dialect. is always a second language for all its speakers whereas a Creole has become a distinctive first language of a society. is a simplified European language taught to native populations; a Creole is a simplified native language. Capability, coupling, and authority. Fundamental, enabling, causative. Homebased, workbased, other. Pleasant, unpleasant, indifferent a traumatic experience. a trip from an origin to a destination and back. a relationship between two cultures. an episode with start and end times. activity space. push factor. territoriality. amenity. C. D. is any invented language of Asia and the Pacific; a Creole is based on French and found in the Caribbean. 36. The IndoEuropean language family A. is made up of separate languages collectively spoken by about onehalf of the world's population. is spatially confined to the area extending from southeastern Europe eastward to northern India. despite dialect differences has retained an essentially common vocabulary shared by all. was strongly affected during its formative period by English colonization and the defeat of the Spanish armada. B. C. D. 37. The spread of English as a worldwide language was the result of A. B. the success of England and the United States in World Wars I and II. international agreement upon a common language to avoid the confusion of multiple European tongues. the connection between the use of English and the receipt of foreign aid by developing countries. the establishment of overseas colonies and former English dominance in world trade. C. D. 38. The principal concentration of Frenchspeaking North Americans is in A. B. C. D. Maine. Louisiana. Quebec. Manitoba. 39. According to Ullman two places are complementary when A. B. C. D. Both places offer the same commodities Both places are at equal distance form a third place that is the center One place is North of the center and the other place is south of the center One place has something that people from another place want 40. The study of place names as evidence of past cultural presence and change is called A. B. C. D. 41. Language family relationships can be recognized through similarities in A. B. C. D. 42. Which of the following is NOT an IndoEuropean language? A. B. C. D. Hindi English Arabic Celtic dialect and sentence structure. vocabulary and grammar. isoglosses and isophones. toponyms and gerundives. topography. topology. toponymy. loconumology. 43. The use of English as the official language of Nigeria demonstrates the A. degree to which a colonial power can completely eliminate the native language of a conquered territory. concept of lingua franca. precondition of Nigerian participation in the Britishdominated Commonwealth of Nations. strong union of language and religion in the work of Christian missionaries. B. C. D. 44. A movement bias displays the effect of distance decay. A. True B. False 45. Absolute location is determined by reference to an agreedon system of coordinates. A. True B. False 46. Hagerstrand said that time should be fundamental in models about behavior A. True B. False 47. In a spacetime path the slope of a line represents A. Uphill travel B. The strength of a person C. How desirable an activity is D. The speed of travel 48. We collect activity data using diaries and questionnaires A. True B. False 49. Trip length frequency curves do not follow a distance decay function when A. There are no opportunities for travelers close to their origins B. Travelers' relatives and friends live in foreign countries C. Travelers' schedules are complicated D. The travelers are too young to drive 50. Intervening opportunities cannot be accounted for with a model A. True B. False ANSWER KEY 1. A 2. C 3. A 4. C 5. C 6. A 7. B 8. A 9. B 10. A 11. A 12. B 13. B 14. A 15. B 16. C 17. A 18. D 19. B 20. D 21. B 22. C 23. A 24. D 25. B 26. C 27. D 28. A 29. D 30. C 31. C 32. A 33. D 34. A 35. B 36. A 37. D 38. C 39. D 40. C 41. B 42. C 43. B 44. B 45. A 46. A 47. D 48. A 49. A 50. B ...
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