PHM 2204 Lecture 6

PHM 2204 Lecture 6 - PHM 2204 David Copp CONSTITUTIONAL...

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PHM 2204 Fall, 2007 David Copp CONSTITUTIONAL LIMITS ON MAJORITY RULE Central Conclusion : * both intrinsic and instrumental arguments support “popular government” or “democracy” * BUT there is no problem-free way to implement these (Social Choice Theory) * there is a variety of “democratic” systems with different pros and cons. Forms of “Popular Government” -- Mostly review, with minor corrections, plus PRD. (1) Unanimous Direct Democracy (UDD) (a) arguments in favor -- “intrinsic” justifications: * solves the problem of factions. * gives great protection to people’s rights – if the status quo already protects these rights. * secures equality of political power (each person’s vote has same influence) * minimizes interferences with autonomy (self-government) for no-one is required by the law to do something she couldn’t have prevented becoming law. (b) objections – these seem decisive * “instrumental” objection – paralysis -- prevents government action. * “intrinsic” objection – unfair advantage to status quo conservatism (2) Majority Rule Direct Democracy (MDD) (a) arguments in favor -- both instrumental and intrinsic justifications: * (supposed) better than UDD at leading to results people are happy with. * better overall combination of political equality and fairness than UDD
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This note was uploaded on 05/31/2008 for the course PHM 2204 taught by Professor Copp during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

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PHM 2204 Lecture 6 - PHM 2204 David Copp CONSTITUTIONAL...

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