PHM 2204 Lecture 12

PHM 2204 Lecture 12 - PHM 2204 David Copp Fall, 2007 JOHN...

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PHM 2204 Fall, 2007 David Copp JOHN STUART MILL: THE HARM PRINCIPLE 1. On Liberty (1859) “THE subject of this Essay is . .. Civil, or Social Liberty: the nature and limits of the power which can be legitimately exercised by society over the individual.” (BW, 3) * Mill discusses historical struggles to achieve liberty, which he says attempted to achieve liberty in two ways: (a) “by obtaining a recognition of certain immunities, called political liberties or rights, which it [would be] a breach of duty in the ruler to infringe (BW, 4) (b) “the establishment of constitutional checks; by which the consent of the community, or of a body of some sort . .. was made a necessary condition to some of the more important acts of the governing power.” (BW 4) * Mill – it would not be enough to achieve “popular government” because * a part of the people may desire to oppress another part – tyranny of the majority * oppression can be brought about through culture as well as government * The importance of liberty for Mill: “All that makes existence valuable to any one, depends on the enforcement of
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This note was uploaded on 05/31/2008 for the course PHM 2204 taught by Professor Copp during the Spring '07 term at University of Florida.

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PHM 2204 Lecture 12 - PHM 2204 David Copp Fall, 2007 JOHN...

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