PHM 2204 Lecture 7

PHM 2204 Lecture 7 - PHM 2204 David Copp Fall, 2007...

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PHM 2204 Fall, 2007 David Copp POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY AND MORAL THEORY 1. Descriptive Political Science distinguished from Normative Political Philosophy * Political Science (or Government Studies) aims to describe how political institutions actually work * voting behavior and predictions * institutional studies * historical studies * Normative Political Philosophy (or “political theory”) aims to evaluate political institutions morally or prudentially – “The evaluative study of political society.” * the second para. of the Declaration of Independence, the Federalist Papers , most of our discussion in class – are normative or evaluative. Recall the six key normative claims in the opening of the Declaration: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that [1] all men are created equal , that [2] they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights , that [3] among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness . — That [4] to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men , [5] deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed , — That [6] whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new
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PHM 2204 Lecture 7 - PHM 2204 David Copp Fall, 2007...

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