Environmental Studies 3 Notes - Environmental Studies 3 Todays music Symphonic Metamorphosis on a theme by Karl Maria von Weber by Paul Hindemith April

Environmental Studies 3 Notes - Environmental Studies 3...

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Environmental Studies 3January 31, 2015Todays music: Symphonic Metamorphosis on a theme by Karl Maria von Weber by Paul Hindemith April 2, 2015Todays music: “Atmospheres” from 2001: A Space OdysseyoWhat animal for the man ape club to death with a bone? A tapir The bone in 2001: A Space Odyssey 1STtool- minimal specialization owhen first humans starting using tool, began affecting environmental surrounding eventually, ancestors of human beings figure out how to use opposable hangs to getfood, water, create weapons o2001: A Space Odyssey Monkeys use tools in movietools lead to water rights oStanley Kubrick Creator of film oArhur C. Clarke One of greater sci- fi writers of all time Based on physical evidence that ancestors of homo sapiens learned to use tools4 mil years ago: bone used as club 1 mil years ago: fire150,000: stone age hunter gatherers oThe monolith represent and even trigger epic transitions in the history ofhuman evolution, evolution of man fromape-like beings to civilized menpillar that symbolizes all knowledge for toolswhoever touches it learns tool useplaced 4 million years ago oclub) oMoonwatcher Alpha male/ man ape Touches the monolith flashback of use of tool uses zebra bone as club Bone changes diet from vegetarian to carnivores, fends off other tribes and creates war Find the bone in the carcass of the zebra and has flashback of monolith Uses bone as a tool/weapon (club) oWeapons Use bone as weapon (club)oGame Vegetarianscarnivores oHomo sapiens
ENVIRONMENTAL SIGNIFICANCE: as tools are modified and increased, we have more impact on the environment. Diamonds therapy is that tech leads to differential advantages Yali’s Question oYali Ultimate question: why do white people have so much cargo and black New Guineans do notNew Guinea noticeably has less than the USThere is an environmental/ historical explanationDifferences in environment have led to differences in developments oJared Diamonds’ Gun Germs and Steel Environmentally deterministic; environmental factors lead to differences in mechanization Axis Food production Domesticable plants/ animals oNew Guinea oCargo oProximate factors First stage explanations; often caused by ultimate factors Technology Politics European gunsinfectious diseasessteel toolsmanufactured productsoUltimate factorsEast/west axis vs. north/ west axis Many suitable wild species Ease of species spreading Rancher power (ch 5, ch 9, ch 11)oFamer powerOne of the “haves”Domesticating animals/ sedentary agriculture lead to all other developmentsin societyTechnologyWritingSpecialization Most domestic able animals were in Eurasia because they had the characteristics that allowed for domestication 6traits (diet, growth rate, tendency to panic) oFertile crescent

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