Environmental Studies 3 Notes - Environmental Studies 3...

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Environmental Studies 3January 31, 2015Todays music: Symphonic Metamorphosis on a theme by Karl Maria von Weber by PaulHindemithApril 2, 2015Todays music: “Atmospheres” from 2001: A Space OdysseyoWhat animal for the man ape club to death with a bone? A tapirThe bone in 2001: A Space Odyssey1STtool- minimal specializationowhen first humans starting using tool, began affecting environmental surroundingeventually, ancestors of human beings figure out how to use opposable hangs to getfood, water, create weaponso2001: A Space OdysseyMonkeys use tools in movietools lead to water rightsoStanley KubrickCreator of filmoArhur C. ClarkeOne of greater sci- fi writers of all timeBased on physical evidence that ancestors of homo sapiens learned to use tools4 mil years ago: bone used as club1 mil years ago: fire150,000: stone age hunter gatherersoThe monolithrepresent and even trigger epic transitions in the history ofhuman evolution,evolution of man fromape-like beings to civilized menpillar that symbolizes all knowledge for toolswhoever touches it learns tool useplaced 4 million years agooclub)oMoonwatcherAlpha male/ man apeTouches the monolithflashback of use of tooluses zebra bone as clubBone changes diet from vegetarian to carnivores, fends off other tribes andcreates warFind the bone in the carcass of the zebra and has flashback of monolithUses bone as a tool/weapon (club)oWeaponsUse bone as weapon (club)oGameVegetarianscarnivoresoHomo sapiens
ENVIRONMENTAL SIGNIFICANCE: as tools are modified and increased, we have more impact on theenvironment. Diamonds therapy is that tech leads to differential advantagesYali’s QuestionoYaliUltimate question: why do white people have so much cargo and black NewGuineans do notNew Guinea noticeably has less than the USThere is an environmental/ historical explanationDifferences in environment have led to differences in developmentsoJared Diamonds’ Gun Germs and SteelEnvironmentally deterministic; environmental factors lead to differences inmechanizationAxisFood productionDomesticable plants/ animalsoNew GuineaoCargooProximate factorsFirst stage explanations; often caused by ultimate factorsTechnologyPoliticsEuropean gunsinfectious diseasessteel toolsmanufactured productsoUltimate factorsEast/west axis vs. north/ west axisMany suitable wild speciesEase of species spreadingRancher power (ch 5, ch 9, ch 11)oFamer powerOne of the “haves”Domesticating animals/ sedentary agriculture lead to all other developmentsin societyTechnologyWritingSpecializationMost domestic able animals were in Eurasia because they had the characteristicsthat allowed for domestication6traits (diet, growth rate, tendency to panic)oFertile crescent

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