Global Health and Moral Values

Global Health and Moral Values - Global Health and Moral...

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Global Health and Moral Values 20/02/2008 17:07:00 -ethics, moral values invoked to mobilize support for global initiatives -clarity regarding morality underlying global health initiatives important-both for  why and how programs should be undertaken -4 major schools of moral values commonly used to justify global health initiatives humanitarianism : acting virtuously toward those in need o most common ethical basis for global health action  o people respond to human suffering, realize human fulfillment by acting  in a virtuous manner based on compassion, empathy, altruism o provides primary ethical basis of voluntary action undertaken by NGOs  o important base of public support for official foreign aid o emphasis on voluntary generosity, self-expression (rather than duties,  obligations) o appeals to humanitarianism focus on giver: how giver changes by  acting well o dangers: those helped can be treated as victims, not agents- dependent position o underlying social rules, structures that generate social ills not  addressed o approach more relevant to humanitarian catastrophes rather than  structural approaches attempting to correct root cause utilitarianism : maximizing aggregate subjective happiness o value of health det. by subjective utility (happiness, pleasure, desire  satisfaction) that it created for an individual o health valued-generates utility directly-good health instrumental to  other utility-generating states o many health policies based on form of util-good health valued as  instrumental to maximizing aggregate utility o underscores imp. interconnections between health, other variables; 
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