pirates exam - THE GOLDEN AGE In 1690 The Buccaneers decline pirates rise Henry Every\/Thomas Tew Indian Ocean(Madagascar People wanted the suppression

pirates exam - THE GOLDEN AGE In 1690 The Buccaneers...

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THE GOLDEN AGE: In 1690 The Buccaneers decline, pirates rise. Henry Every/Thomas Tew Indian Ocean (Madagascar) People wanted the suppression of Piracy after this Spanish War: 1701-1713 Privateering again, which meant Pirates are Patriots Working for the crown again and no longer illegal Governor Woodes Rogers (in Bahamas) Potentially pardoned 1718-22: Piracy in Caribbean, West Africa, Indian Ocean 1722: Bartholomew Roberts captured. In this time, Pirate Desperation occurred British Navy suppression: Pirate Executions in Masses Over 200 in 10 years. FIVE Themes: BACKGROUNDS Merchant/navy sailors, privateers Options were Naval surgeon- desertion, incapacitation, or death, or piracy. Average age:28 Male, single, low class SHIPBOARD ORDER Alternative Social Universe Egalitarianism: collective authority Captain: elected and equal Quartermaster: crew representative Council: democratized war council RULES/ARTICLES Plunder, Share distribution Captain/Quartermaster: 1.5-2 Skilled Crew: 1-1.5 Unskilled: 1 It was a precapitalist system Discipline: More allowing than Navy in consequence Collective, Duels on Shore, Marooned men, Execution JUSTICE/VENGENCE Social Banditry. 1718-30: Escalation of violence/terror Death Penalty/Bodies displayed for people to see (Blackbeard Notorious for this) COMMUNITY/JOLLY ROGER Skull and Crossbones: logbooks
1700: Flag 2500 ships Origins? Old Roger Symbolism of Death, Violence, Limited Time New Providence** Pirate haven in 1715-18 Spanish shipwrecks Henry Jennings: Privateer Spanish complaints about the wrecks Pirates go to New Providence Woodes Rogers accepted pardon there CHARLES VANE: Attacked Woodes Rogers Travels US coast to Caribbean, On French Merchant Ship? John Rackham elected Captain VANE is shipwrecked and caught: executed at Gallows point in 1721 Calico Jack, Anne Bonney and Mary Read Calico Jack overthrew Charles Vane, Pardoned in New Providence Hired Anne Boney Jack, Bonny and Read all traveled on the ship William ANNE BONNY : Born in 1698, Ireland. "Illegitimate" Disguised as a boy to become pirate Marries James Bonny in New Providence Her husband is a pirate hunter MARY READ : Born in 1690, England. "Illegitimate" Dressed as her dead brother Her mother was disowned by her mom o Served as male servant o Age 13: Navy and army as male Married a soldier who died in 1700. Travelled to west Indies on a Dutch Ship which was captured by Pirates In New Providence she joins the William when encountering Rackham The Three were very successful: 7 fishing boats, 2 sloops, a schooner led by Bonny and Read. At their last fight, the ship was disabled, Rackham surrendered, Bonny and Read fought to the end Jack is executed on November 18, 1720 Bonny/Read Trail: Convicted but Pregnant to the executions stayed Historical Context: Passing as men, pirate gender norms?

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