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Possible QuestionsHI109 Mid-Term ExaminationFebruary 2016To be taken from:1.Konrad Jarausch’s organizing principle for “Out of Ashes” as per PP slides.That European Society was becoming a modern society by 1900. That in the course of the twentieth Century, Europe will engage in three variants of power: Nazi (fascist, WW1 emerging in Italy first), Communism (soviet union/collapse in 1991), Liberal (modern age, what we are currently a part of) 2.Five Causes of Imperial Expansion by European power-Economic Interests (copper, rubber, tea/coffee)-Scientific Curiosity(trans-continental railroads) -Social Dynamics(colonies as a way of controlling areas) -Rivalry of the Great Powers(Ex. French vs. Britain, Russia in Asian, background of Social Darwinism) -Civilizing Mission(White Man’s Burden, Africa needed to be civilized. White need to breed)3.What were the means by which Europe managed to conquer the non-European world? The means that Europe would use to conquer the non-European world would be technology and killing power that they develop, they create a colonial infrastructure: ability to bring local elites on board, control of educational system to reinforce Euro-centric worldview (indoctrination) Non-Christians, Catholics appearing in Upper Canada, create local harbours, ports, rail links. 4.Briefly summarize the European empires by 1910By 1910 the European empires were settling down. British and French had settled their colonial differences (new kid on the block was threat, interested in trading with each other), The British and Russians had settled their colonial differences. Germans feel likethey are being hemmed in to Europe. Austrians find that they only have one friend. 5.The role played by the Balkans (especially Serbia and Bosnia) from 1908 to the outbreak of war in 1914In 1908, Bosnia was taken by Austria Hungary. Serbia wanted it to have the water ways/lands. Russia was working with Bosnia, they would give Russia part of the Ottoman Empire. Serbia didn’t like the annex of Bosnia, and Russia. Russia was too busy fighting in Japan to take over Austria Hungary in 1905-1908. In 1914 the Assassination of Sarajevo, Archduke and his wife would come. Serbia was directly involved with the attack because they didn’t want the leader, but ironically, he would have been the one to be a pillar between countries. Basically without the shooting, the War wouldn’t have come when it did. Russia stood with Serbia, France with Russia, andGermany with Austria…everyone is drawing lines.
6.What were the four sources of hostility behind World War One?Rise of Nationalism. Among policy elites and popular masses, the goal was for a shared language and history. A common constitution, Reading of Social Darwinism struggle between people would lead to “natural selection” allowing only the fittest to procreate only the strongest would be able to continue, Concerns(GB) about “new kid on the block”—Germany is new… ex Naval race, Germany’s sense that timewas running out with new alliances.