AIDS - HIV/AIDS Economic Determinants of HIV Transmission...

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HIV/AIDS 11/02/2008 21:31:00 Economic Determinants of HIV Transmission Macro Level -Africa richest nations-Botswana, South Africa among the most affected w/ AIDS o reflects role that better infrastructure, more mobile populations seem to  play in spread of AIDS -Other Continents HIV seems to be affecting the rich more than the poor, or is income neutral -Between continents: poorer countries = greater HIV prevalence countries with greater income inequality = more serious epidemic absolute poverty rates strongly assoc. w/ HIV prevalence rates -relationship between poverty, HIV growing stronger, both between and within countries Micro Level -school enrollment rates, illiteracy rates in majority of developing world, Africa lower  than those in richer countries -poor w/in all countries least likely to receive education = less likely to be aware of  dangers of HIV/AIDS strong correl. between wealth, education and knowledge that condoms  prevent AIDS Cambodia-country w. most advanced epidemic in Asia: poorest segments of 
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  • Spring '08
  • STOLTZFUS,R.
  • Poverty, w/ HIV prevalence, affected w/ AIDS

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