CopyofHistoryHWsummaries - Pgs 463-468 Election of 1844 Pres Tyler revived topic of Texas annexation in hope of securing southern support for his

CopyofHistoryHWsummaries - Pgs 463-468 Election of 1844...

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Pgs. 463-468 Election of 1844 Pres. Tyler revived topic of Texas annexation in hope of securing southern support for his renomination Clay & Van Buren issued letters rejecting immediate annexation b/c it might provoke war w/ Mexico Clay got Whig nomination; Van Buren didn’t receive Democratic nomination Polk was Democrat nominee instead “Fifty-four forty or fight”: American control of Oregon all the way to its northern boundary at 54’40’’ Polk won Mar. 1845: Congress declares Texas part of the US days before Polk’s inauguration Polk’s Goals Reduce tariff Soon enacted by Congress Reestablish independent Treasury system Soon enacted by Congress Settle dispute over ownership of Oregon Accomplished in agreement w/ UK Bring Cali into Union Mexican gov’t refused to negotiate Apr. 1846: American soldiers move near Rio Grande (disputed border) War soon declared against Mexico Mexican War Critics 1st American war fought primarily on foreign soil & in which troops occupied a foreign capital Majority of Americans supported the war But many in the North dissented b/c they feared the real aim was to get more land for expansion of slavery Thoreau writes essay “On Civil Disobedience” which later inspires MLK Combat in Mexico 60,000+ volunteers enlisted June 1846: Americans claimed Cali free of Mexican control Capt. John Fremot named its ruler At the same time, 1,600 US troops occupied Santa Fe & set out for S. Cali Most fighting happened in central Mexico Feb. 1848: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Confirmed annexation of Texas Ceded Cali, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, & Utah to US Called Mexican Cession US pays Mexico $15 mill
HW#19: pg. 473-495 US gains over 1 mill square miles after victory in Mexican War Brings discussion of whether slavery should be allowed in the West 1844 & 1845: Methodists & Baptists divide into southern & northern branches Dissolved two-party system Wilmot Proviso : 1846; Congressman Wilmot proposes resolution prohibiting slavery from all new territory Passed House but failed in Senate Every northerner (Democrats & Whigs) supported it, but every southerner opposed it 1848: Opponents of slavery’s expansion organize the Free Soil Party; it’s very popular in the North Prevented creation of new slave states Ability to move to new western territories held out the promise of economic betterment, reinforced in depression of early 1840s If slave plantations went West, it would block northern migration Also calls for federal gov’t to provide free homesteads to settlers in the new territories Appeals to Northern racism: just like Wilmot Proviso, was meant to advance the cause and rights of the free white man by preventing him to have to compete with “black labor” 1848 known as “springtime of nations” b/c it was a time of democratic uprisings against the monarchies of Europe Compromise of 1850 Suggested by Henry Clay

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