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AP U.S. History Kripa Mathew Thematic Essay - The Constitution And Change When Americans won independence in the Revolutionary War, deciding how to govern the new nation was an important goal that resulted in a lot of conflict. In 1787, at the Constitutional Convention, the delegates decided to create an entirely new Constitution to overcome the problems the nation had under the Articles of Confederation. The Constitution shaped American society by establishing America's national government and fundamental laws, guaranteeing liberties for the people. The United States Constitution not only provides a basic framework of government, but also allows for the flexibility to adapt to changes over time. Two basic constitutional principles include judicial review and the amendment process. They allowed the government to adapt to changes in the United States. Additionally, judicial review met the changing needs of American political life while the amendment process affected social life. Judicial review is the constitutional principle that gives the Supreme Court the power to review the constitutional validity of any legislative act brought to them. This power was established in 1803 by Chief Justice John Marshall’s decision in Marbury v. Madison. Marbury was the first Supreme Court decision to declare an act of Congress as unconstitutional. Judicial review gives the nine Supreme Court Justices the ability to interpret the Constitution thus shaping public policy and ensuring that other branches of government abide by the Constitution. Judicial review is an example of the separation of powers which is important in making sure no branch abuses their power and creating a balance of power between the branches. When