final apush review - Nicole Ksendzovskaya EARLY COLONIAL PERIOD 1492-1750ish(Salutary neglect occurred Mercantilism shipbuilding prospered smuggling to

final apush review - Nicole Ksendzovskaya EARLY COLONIAL...

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Nicole Ksendzovskaya EARLY COLONIAL PERIOD- 1492-1750ish. (Salutary neglect occurred, Mercantilism, shipbuilding prospered, smuggling to Spain, France, Netherlands occurred) a. THE SPANISH i. Set up the enconmienda system ii. colonized the West Indies and Latin America b. THE DUTCH i. settled New Netherland for economic gain c. THE FRENCH i. settled Canada where they had positive relations with Native Americans based on fur trading d. VIRGINIA (JAMESTOWN) 1607 i. First permanent British colony ii. headright system iii. Tobacco iv. Consisted of mostly indentured servants and men in general v. Had the first elected assembly-the House of Burgesses vi. Settlers struggled with harsh conditions vii. Bacon’s Rebellion e. PILGRIMS (PLYMOUTH) i. Mayflower Compact ii. Separtists from the Church of England iii. Wanted to purify (Puritans) Church of England of hierarchy, rituals, statues, etc f. PURITANS (MASS BAY) i. no religious freedom ii. John Winthrop, leader, wrote “City Upon a Hill”-goal was to create a model society iii. Salem Witch Trials iv. Wanted to purify (Puritans) Church of England of hierarchy, rituals, statues, etc g. CONNECTICUT i. Had first written constitution Fundemental Orders of Connecticut h. CAROLINAS i. Rice, rice and more rice i. RHODE ISLAND i. Roger Williams 1. Founded Rhode Island by believing in “freedom of conscience,” religious freedom, and wanting separation of church and state ii. Anne Hutchinson 1. Was kicked out of Mass Bay and moved to RI for stressing faith over obeying laws (antinomian), challenged authority of colonial leaders and gender roles. j. PENNSYLVANIA i. Proprietary colony founded by the Quakers ii. Extremely pacifist, against guns, favored natives sorta, allowed women to participate in religion, anti slavery k. MARYLAND i. Had an Act of Toleration which granted religious freedom to all Christian denominations ii. tobacco l. GEORGIA i. Colony created for debtors, criminals, etc ii. Was a buffer against Spanish Florida
m. BACON’S REBELLION i. Virginia rebellion about landless freedmen complaining that Native Americans had too much land ii. Rebellion highlighted class differences between landless poor and wealthier land owners n. STONO REBELLION i. slave rebellion where slaves wanted to escape to Florida o. NAVIGATION ACTS i. Ships and ports must be British, manned by British, etc. ii. Colonies can really only trade tobacco, sugar, rice, etc to England iii. Regulated colonial trade iv. Smuggling to Spain, France, Dutch occurred v. Made Britain the primary trading partner vi. Mercantilist system p. FIRST GREAT AWAKENING i. Emotional religious revival began Evangelicalism ii. led to new religious sects, denominations, splits in established churches etc iii. Jonathan Edwards- “Sinners in the Hands of Angry God “ speech iv. led to creation of newer colleges and universities such as College of NJ and College of RI Road to Revolution- French and Indian War to Revolutionary War I. FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR a. Dispute between Britain/France over Ohio River Valley b. France lost all land in North America c. Seven Years War d.

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