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Nicole KsendzovskayaEARLY COLONIAL PERIOD- 1492-1750ish.(Salutary neglect occurred, Mercantilism, shipbuilding prospered, smuggling to Spain, France, Netherlands occurred)a.THE SPANISHi.Set up the enconmienda systemii.colonized the West Indies and Latin Americab.THE DUTCH i.settled New Netherland for economic gainc.THE FRENCH i.settled Canada where they had positive relations with Native Americans based on fur tradingd.VIRGINIA (JAMESTOWN) 1607i.First permanent British colonyii.headright systemiii.Tobaccoiv.Consisted of mostly indentured servants and men in generalv.Had the first elected assembly-the House of Burgessesvi.Settlers struggled with harsh conditionsvii.Bacon’s Rebellione.PILGRIMS (PLYMOUTH)i.Mayflower Compactii.Separtists from the Church of Englandiii.Wanted to purify (Puritans) Church of England of hierarchy, rituals, statues, etcf.PURITANS (MASS BAY)i.no religious freedomii.John Winthrop, leader, wrote “City Upon a Hill”-goal was to create a model societyiii.Salem Witch Trialsiv.Wanted to purify (Puritans) Church of England of hierarchy, rituals, statues, etcg.CONNECTICUTi.Had first written constitution Fundemental Orders of Connecticuth.CAROLINASi.Rice, rice and more ricei.RHODE ISLANDi.Roger Williams1.Founded Rhode Island by believing in “freedom of conscience,” religious freedom, and wanting separation of church and stateii.Anne Hutchinson1.Was kicked out of Mass Bay and moved to RI for stressing faith over obeying laws (antinomian), challenged authority of colonial leaders and gender roles.j.PENNSYLVANIAi.Proprietary colony founded by the Quakersii.Extremely pacifist, against guns, favored natives sorta, allowed women to participate in religion, anti slaveryk.MARYLANDi.Had an Act of Toleration which granted religious freedom to all Christian denominationsii.tobaccol.GEORGIAi.Colony created for debtors, criminals, etcii.Was a buffer against Spanish Florida
m.BACON’S REBELLIONi.Virginia rebellion about landless freedmen complaining that Native Americans had too much landii.Rebellion highlighted class differences between landless poor and wealthier land ownersn.STONO REBELLIONi.slave rebellion where slaves wanted to escape to Floridao.NAVIGATION ACTSi.Ships and ports must be British, manned by British, etc.ii.Colonies can really only trade tobacco, sugar, rice, etc to Englandiii.Regulated colonial tradeiv.Smuggling to Spain, France, Dutch occurredv.Made Britain the primary trading partnervi.Mercantilist systemp.FIRST GREAT AWAKENINGi.Emotional religious revival began Evangelicalismii.led to new religious sects, denominations, splits in established churches etciii.Jonathan Edwards- “Sinners in the Hands of Angry God “ speechiv.led to creation of newer colleges and universities such as College of NJ and College of RIRoad to Revolution- French and Indian War to Revolutionary WarI.FRENCH AND INDIAN WARa.Dispute between Britain/France over Ohio River Valleyb.France lost all land in North Americac.Seven Years Ward.