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Unformatted text preview: 2006 Report on Global AIDS Epidemic 12/02/2008 01:24:00 91-93 96-102 Poverty and Inequality Worst-hit areas not necessarily poorest-S. Africa Countries have higher levels of education, GDP, access to water & sanitation than other parts of the continent; also have greater economic inequality and large #s of people living in poverty Most affected nations: Richest 10% of pop. have revenues that are almost 70x than those of the poorest 10% of the population 1/3 of pop in most affected countries w/ high income disparity lives on less than $1 a day AIDS tends to affect poor more heavily than other pop groups Botswana- poor 8x as many people w/ AIDS-income dependent India-poor, less educated/ unskilled groups, women face similar risk Most govts. remain focused on health-sector responses Household Impacts Increased medical costs Expenditures on funerals Withdrawal of family members from work or school to look after those who are ill India-avg. monthly expenditures > income in families of people living with HIV Most forced to sell assets, borrow from friends and relatives Rwanda-families that experience adult death more likely to replace lost labor by adding new members (marriage, young relatives) o Much depends on age, gender, position of family member who becomes ill and dies Female-headed households taking care of people with HIV-related illness: o More orphans o Less able to participate in cooperatives, community-based organizations o Fewer assets...
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This note was uploaded on 03/08/2008 for the course NS 2060 taught by Professor Stoltzfus,r. during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).
- Spring '08