Module 1 NotesTheology is an academic discipline that deals with understanding, elaborating, explaining, and defending the “creedal” (or doctrinal) and “code” (ethics) of a particular religionReligious Studies is the academic study of religion as an objective phenomenon in the world. It assumes neither faith nor lack of it, but rather seeks an objective, “scientific” study of religion. Religious study incorporates numerous academic disciplines such as history, linguistics, hermeneutics (the science of interpretation), sociology, psychology, anthropology, economics, philosophy, and others. “Human transformation in response to perceived ultimacy.” - William A. Young “A system of symbols, myths, doctrines, ethics, and rituals for the expression of ultimate relevance” (Carmody 1)The word “ultimate” in these definitions expresses the idea that religion deals with what is most important (or supposed to be most important), compared to what is of “relative” importance, namely anything that is not most important.Creed: (or doctrine, teaching) Statements about the nature of ultimate reality, spirits, gods or “God,” the meaning and purpose of human life, the ultimate human problem and its solution, and the afterlife. This includes symbols and myths to express what cannot be fully captured with words and concepts.Code: Morals or ethics about individual and group behavior, considering what “should” be done in view of ultimate concerns (imperative, values).Cult: Prescribed, formalized, ritual actions that dramatize religious doctrines, symbols, myths, and ethics.