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ID TERMSThe Decameron●Collection of stories critical of society but also celebrating life●Written 4 years after the plague●Important because it was a reflection of worry and angst and need to reform society●Bocaccio3 Crop Rotation●Farming technique that gives better soil (allows them to maximize the land)●Wheat, beans / legumes → population growthMarco Polo●From Venice●Traveller, merchant●Travels to Mongol empire for 24 years●Late 1200s●Representative of trade links from E to WMenocchio●Own cosmology about the world●Killed because he was against catholic authorities●Story unearthed in 1976Henry VII of England●War of the Roses (York v. Lancaster) ●He gets power (so many died in the war.. He was a relatively distant relative)●Start of Tudor monarchs●Diluted noble power by strengthening ties to court and breaking up noble property across kingdomTaille●Direct land tax (1439)●Symbol of Louis XI’s control through policy in FranceShutting in●Shut off the world when you go to sleep●Escaping the dangers of the outside world Carnival●Party, religious holiday●Letting off steam Spinning Party●Place for young people to meetAndrea Doria●From Genoa●Naval Captain●From an old noble family●Switches allegiances●Setup republic of Genoa (stabilizes government) ●Representative of the politics (backstabbing, fractious)●Wealth based on mediterranean
Medici Bank●Florence●Run by Medici family●1397●Giovanni started it●Important for the survival of Florence○Cosimo was returned from exile because the bank was so important●Pope uses bank●Brought family of farmers into power (basis of Medici power)Papal States●Ruled by Pope●Popes have short rules●Secular and religious power ●Religious power helpful because if you are going to war, you’re fighting under the Pope●Shows power of Catholic church but also that all states are run in similar power structure (rule of families)Donation of Constantine●Forged doc●