Exam 2 Study Guide - Exam 2 Study Guide Lecture 8 IdenTty...

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Exam 2 Study Guide Lecture 8- Identity 1-Define personal and collective identity, and the relationship between the two Personal Identity- Characteristics that you have observed in yourself, that you aspire to, and that you value. Collective Identity- An individual’s identification with a certain group. o Harmony between personal identity and collective identity strengthens the identification with a group. 2- How does each stage of psychosocial development (ego identity) influence identity formation? Trust vs Mistrust (0-2) o Virtue: Hope o Caregiver relations; trust of the world Autonomy vs Shame/Doubt (2-4) o Virtue: Will o Toilet training; Self-Consciousness Initiative vs Guilt (4-5) o Virtue: Purpose o Ease of choices; Decision making Industry vs Inferiority (5-12) o Virtue: Competence o Social comparison; Self-worth Identity vs Identity Diffusion (13-19) o Virtue: Fidelity o Pressure to conform; Identity formation Intimacy vs Isolation (20-39) o Virtue: Love o Relationships; Intimacy Generativity vs Self Absorption (40-64) o Virtue: Care o Stagnation vs progress; Sense of purpose Integrity vs Distrust (65+) o Virtue: Wisdom o Life in retrospect; Life Satisfaction 3- What is the Expectancy-Value Theory, including expectations for success and subjective task value? Suggests that we make choices based on our expectations of success and the value we place on those choices Comprises of two things o Expectations for success How good are you at doing this How much time are you willing to put into this o Value of the task Interest value Attainment value
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Utility value Relative cost Lecture 9- Sexuality 4- What is sexual orientation and gender roles? How do they differ? Sexual Orientation- An enduring, emotional, and/or erotic attraction to the same, opposite, or both sexes. Gender Roles- The social behaviors associated with either the male or female gender.
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