Research Paper HAI - Morality and Ethical Use of Animals in...

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Morality and Ethical Use of Animals in Medical Research When considering today’s advances in medicine and technology the question is proposed as to whether or not the use of animals in medical research is truly necessary. In the year 2014 alone, it was estimated that over nearly 800,000 animals were used in laboratory research and protected under the Animal Welfare Act in the United States. Counting animals not included could raise the number even higher at around 12 million used in the United States alone ("US Statistics | Speaking of Research," n.d.). This research is used for a multitude of reasons; some of which advances our technology by years or even decades and aides in the critical research of human disease. Animals have been extremely advantageous to our research over the years and have allowed us to unlock many things that would have been nearly impossible without their use. Although animal research is widely considered to be extremely beneficial there is controversy surrounding it that looks upon the need, morality, and how humane it is to allow animal testing and research. This sparks the debate of whether or not animals it is necessary to have animals in medical research in modern society. It also brings forth the question of if humans are truly gaining enough at the expense of the animals being used. With that being said, there are both pros and cons in relation to the testing of animals; however, evidence does show that the positive effects of the medical research of animals far outweighs any negative. When on the topic of animals in medical research, it is crucial to note the advances that have been made due to their study and use in laboratories across the United States and world. Take for example diseases; without the use of research and testing of animals in laboratories there would be a debilitating effect on human and welfare globally. “Nearly every major medical advance of the 20 th century has been dependent largely on research with animals” ("American Association for Laboratory Animal Science," 2013). Disease, treatment, and our own technology 1
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has been effected based off of this research and it is still moving forward today as research continues. Although, some examples of the advancements that have been made are the development of chemotherapy, bypass surgery, organ transplant, and joint replacement, only to name a few. Animals have given us the knowledge needed to allow for improved human life and medicine by physicians and health care workers ("Benefits of Biomedical Research," n.d.). The amount of benefits gained from the research of animals is astounding, especially as it continues to grow and evolve, helping to aid our medicine as a whole. It is almost shocking to find that there is such controversy over something that reaps such benefits to the human populace. Even with this evidence, some people prose that the negative effects of animal research outweigh its benefits. However, “When the majority of scientist see the work as scientifically justified and so
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