HAI Lectures Week 5 - Human and Animal InterrelaTonships...

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Human and Animal Interrelationships Week 5 Lecture 16 the Neolithic Revolution The Neolithic Revolution: When where and why The most profound and significant change to happen in humans in the past 10,000 years . o Systematic order of living began to develop with dramatic increase in population, density, systems of wealth, etc… o Around this time the morphology of humans began to develop as they were regionally developing to their surroundings. Beginning of human “ ecosystem engineering” o Changing the ecosystem. For example, clearing forests, burning things and making it so that plants and animals may not be able to live within the change human ecosystem as they did before. Population Explosion 60,000 BP- only about 250,000 humans on Earth 12,000 BP- around 6 million hunter gathers 3,000 BP- 60 million due to domestication and agriculture Where? Earliest domestication in the “Fertile Crescent” 9500 BC in the fertile crescent and southwest Asia there was evidence of domestication of plants o Wheat and barley, then legumes and peas and lentils Spread from there to other surrounding countries The first animals were domesticated in the Middle East.
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