Chapter 7 and 8 Questions

Chapter 7 and 8 Questions - Nicholas Munoz Middle Eastern...

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Nicholas Munoz Middle Eastern Humanities Kyle Jones Chapter 7 and 8 Questions Chapter 7 Questions 1- When looking at each of the five pillars of Islam, it is evident that they play a tremendous role in unifying the Muslim community as a whole. The first of the five pillars, Shahada, has to do with the Muslin belief of there being a singular god, Allah. In this way, the common belief within the community unifies the community in a single belief. The second pillar discusses how people are to come together five times each day to the direction of Mecca and be cleansed. The next pillar, Zakat serves as a way of circulating the wealth amongst the people of Islam. Money is given to those who are less fortunate and provides a support system for its people. It is also worth noting that this pillar encourages everyone coming together and working in some way. The fourth pillar, Sawm, occurs during Ramadan and lasts from dusk until dawn in which the people of Islam practice fasting. The fifth and final Pillar of the community, Hajj, involves traveling to Mecca in order to take part in various activities and ritualistic practices. Each of the Pillars in its own way brings the people of Islam together often in some form of activity or practice. 2- Of the religions listed, the ones which practice the use of witnessing and testimony include Christianity, Islam, and Mormonism. 3- During the ninth month of the Islamic calendar each year, Ramadan occurs. During this time, it is a required practice of the religion to take part in fasting. This practice includes abstaining from other various things as well, including drinking and any form of physical activity. However, the main purpose which Ramadan serves is to act as a day of purifying and cleansing the soul. In this way, it serves for
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