HAI Lectures Week 6 - Human and Animal InterrelaTonships...

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Human and Animal Interrelationships Week 6 Lecture 20 Sheep and Goats Domestication changes the morphology and physiology of the animals Shorter horns and legs, less sexual dimorphism o Domestication caused selective breeding for smaller and less aggressive males Goats and sheep can survive in very arid terrains on practically nothing. The first Neolithic farmers began to keep small herds of goats for their milk and meat. The dung was also used for fuel and other parts of the goat were used to make other materials. Sheep and Goats: Pre- Domestication About 11k years ago the culling of young males and delayed slaughter of young females Sheep and Goats: Full Domestication By 6k BP full domestication and herding of sheep and goats began in SW Asia People began to build their lives around the animals as they were being domesticated and living with them permanently Geographic Isolation Genetic analysis has identified all six lineages of domestic goat among populations of modern bezoar goats. Importance of Sheep and Goats Today Used today for meat, wool (Sheep), milk, and cheese Modern Pastoralism Nomadic (Bedouin) o Moved the herd around. They did not stay in one place for any extended period of time.
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