Presentation ARA 101 'Abbasids [1]

Presentation ARA 101 'Abbasids [1] - Caliphal Succession:...

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Unformatted text preview: Caliphal Succession: The Abbasid Caliphate The Abbasid Caliphate The Abbasid period in its entirety covers approximately half a millennium spanning the years 132/750 to 656/1258. Consequently, historians have divided the period into three sub-periods. The primary era, being known as the first Abbasid period (132/750-247/861), is generally regarded as a period of growth and prosperity, having built upon the successes of the Umayyads. This is followed by the second Abbasid period (247/861-447/1055), which is regarded as era of political decline, due to the events leading to the loss of Abbasid power. Finally, there is the third Abbasid period, which includes the eventual collapse of the caliphate The Abbasid Caliphate Their claim to authority came through their familial link to the Prophets uncle al-Abbas and they would later counter the Alid claim to authority - since they were also of Prophetic lineage - by showing that their link was through a male relative, i.e. al-Abbas and not through a female one, i.e. Fatima, the Prophets daughter, which was apparently still an important factor despite this being a supposed post- jahili , Arab society. This call, or dawa , proved very popular and gained great support in the eastern provinces generally and in Khurasan in particular. Subsequently, it would be support from this province that would bring the Abbasids to ascendancy and remain their powerbase for years to come. The Abbasid Caliphate The seemingly religious overtone to their claim of legitimacy as rulers was consolidated by their adoption of honorific titles ( alqab , sin. laqab ), which was unprecedented and seemingly added to their apparent link with God and later, by their patronising of religious learning, which equally added to their claim of orthodoxy. The Abbasid Caliphate T heir powerbase constituted a departure from the Arab aristocracy of the Umayyads, since the majority of their supporters were in fact of Persian origin. Thus, the early Abbasid period became synonymous with the rise of the Persian clients or mawali , who occupied key positions in the Abbssid administration and who seemingly Persianised the running of the state along the lines of the old Sasanian model. The Abbasid Caliphate The rise of the Abbasids was mainly due to on the one hand to the lack of popularity of the Umayyads, who were seen as a debauched, pro- Arab aristocracy who had little regard for the...
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2008 for the course ARA 101,102 taught by Professor Molouk,gavenpocken during the Spring '08 term at American University of Sharjah.

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Presentation ARA 101 'Abbasids [1] - Caliphal Succession:...

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