Jahiliyya EI [1] - hilliya A term used, in almost all its...

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J ̲ āhilliya A term used, in almost all its occurrences, as the opposite of the word islām , and which refers to the state of affairs in Arabia before the mission of the Prophet, to paganism (sometimes even that of non-Arab lands), the pre-Islamic period and the men of that time. From the morphological point of view, d ̲ j ̲ āhiliyya seems to be formed by the addition of the suffix -iyya , denoting an abstract, to the active participle d ̲ j ̲ āhil , the exact sense of which is difficult to determine. I. Goldziher ( Muh. St. , i, 219 ff.; analysis in Arabica , vii/3 (1960), 246-9), remarking that d ̲ j ̲ āhil is opposed to alīm “administered” [see ilm ], gives it the sense of “barbarous”, and renders d ̲ j ̲ āhiliyya as “the time of barbarism”, but he has not been followed to the letter by translators of the ur ān ʾ who render d ̲ j ̲ āhil as “not knowing God , the Prophet and the Law”, or “lawless”, and d ̲ j ̲ āhiliyya as “time of ignorance”, “heathendom” (cf. however T. Izutsu, The structure of the ethical terms in the Koran , Tokyo 1959, index). The fact is that the nine attestations of d ̲ j ̲ āhil
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2008 for the course ARA 101,102 taught by Professor Molouk,gavenpocken during the Spring '08 term at American University of Sharjah.

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Jahiliyya EI [1] - hilliya A term used, in almost all its...

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