Al-Akhtal EI[1] - al Ak̲h̲ṭal“the loquacious” the sobriquet of the Arab poet G̲h̲iy tā ̲h̲b G̲h̲awt̲h̲b al-Ṣalt who died

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Unformatted text preview: al- Ak̲h̲ṭal“the loquacious”, the sobriquet of the Arab poet G̲h̲iy tā ̲h̲b. G̲h̲awt̲h̲b. al-Ṣalt, who died probably before 92/710. He belonged to the great t ribe of the Tag̲h̲lib[q.v.] of northern Syria, which remained entirely Christian, of the Monophysite persuasion. By his mother Layla he was connected to another Christian t ribe, that of Iy dā. He was born either at Ḥraī(see Ag̲h̲nā ī1, vii, 170), or near Rus fa (Sergiopolis); his dateāof birth is uncertain, but may have been about 20/640. He remained a Christian all his life, and was unmoved by the efforts of prominent members of the Umayyad dynasty to convert him to Islam. Although a Monophysite, he maintained good relations with the Melkite familyof the Sard̲j̲n. In his poetry, certain featuresūprove his zeal for his faithand even indicate a certain ostentation in asserting it (see D w nī ā, passim). His moral standards, however, do not seem to have differed markedly from those of the society in which he lived. He repudiated his wife and married a divorced woman. He seems to have been a heavy drinker, passing his time in taverns in the company of singing-girls of easy virtue. All his life al-Ak̲h̲ṭal followed the fortunes of the reigning dynasty. During the reign of Muwiya, he became embroiled in political affairs. He was the close companionʿāof Yaz d I, whom he lauded in his panegyrics, and of other men of īranksuch Ziy dāand al-Ḥad̲j̲d̲j̲j. Under Abd al-Malik, he actually became official poet to the āʿCaliph(see Ag̲h̲nā ī1, xii, 172-6). He remained in the service of the successors of Abd al-ʿMalik, and in his poetry attacked all opponents of the dynasty (see...
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2008 for the course ARA 101,102 taught by Professor Molouk,gavenpocken during the Spring '08 term at American University of Sharjah.

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Al-Akhtal EI[1] - al Ak̲h̲ṭal“the loquacious” the sobriquet of the Arab poet G̲h̲iy tā ̲h̲b G̲h̲awt̲h̲b al-Ṣalt who died

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